Coffee is the morning elixir of the masses. In addition to the benefits of feeling awake and refreshed, studies have discovered that drinking coffee can assist with the reduction of body fat, is associated with increased fat burning in aerobic exercise, and improves exercise performance.
Men in the study aged 20 to 44 who drank two to three cups of coffee each day had 1.3 percent less total body fat and 1.8 percent less trunk fat than those men of the same age who didn't drink coffee.
Overall, the study found that the effect of consuming coffee was less obvious in men’s body fat.
The study showed that drinking coffee was especially helpful in reducing obesity in the torso area of women. Researchers believe that the inclusion of coffee and its active ingredients in a healthy diet can help reduce the risk of obesity-related chronic diseases.
Researchers tested 15 men, with an average age of 32, who were given three milligrams (mg) of caffeine for each kilogram of body weight or a placebo at 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. every day, followed by half an hour of rest to ensure absorption, followed by exercise testing. The results showed that the maximal fat oxidation during exercise increased by an average of 10.7 percent in the morning and 29 percent in the afternoon in the caffeine group compared to the placebo group.
The research team believes that a combination of caffeine intake and moderate-intensity aerobic exercise in the afternoon may be the best solution for accelerating fat burning through aerobic exercise.
The study also found that caffeine intake can reduce potassium ion concentration before exercise, which may be related to delaying fatigue after high-intensity exercise.
The research team recommends one to two cups of coffee an hour before exercise or competition for athletes weighing around 154 pounds (70 kg). However, sugar added to coffee increases the body's metabolism effect, which doesn't help the body generate energy for exercise.
In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), people with yin deficiency and high heat, in contrast, shouldn't drink much coffee.
Chen suggested that for adults with an average weight of 132 pounds (60 kg), the daily intake of caffeine shouldn't exceed 500 mg. A 360-milliliter (about 12-ounce) cup of Americano-style coffee contains about 150 mg of caffeine.