Many of us don’t think much about tea, other than that it’s an alternative to coffee and you get it in Chinese restaurants. However, tea is the second-most consumed beverage on our planet, only behind water. In addition, tea has some very real health benefits. Here are some other things you may not know about this fabulous drink:
1) Tea comes from the plant camellia sinensis. It’s grown in temperate countries around the world, most notably China and India. White, yellow, green, oolong, black, and pu-erh teas all come from the camellia plant, but are processed differently to achieve different tastes.
2) Herbal teas contain fruits and herbs, but are made without camellia tea leaves. Herbal tea can be consumed for its flavor or for health benefits. In Chinese medicine, one of the primary ways medicinal herbs are consumed is boiled in water as a decoction, which is essentially an herbal tea. Some common herbs that can be steeped into a tea include mint, ginger, cinnamon, and chrysanthemum.
3) Why is green tea served in Chinese restaurants? The answer is based on Chinese dietary therapy, in which you need a little warmth, or digestive fire, to properly digest your foods. When you drink an ice-cold beverage with your meal, it slows down your digestion. All that cold demands energy from your body to warm up your food, digest it, and convert it into nutrients. Therefore, a little warm tea is considered a digestive aid.
4) Tea is healthy for you in other ways, too. A little tea is good for you if you have asthma, as it’s considered to be a bronchodilator–it can open up your lungs. In addition, research studies are suggesting that tea offers protective effects against cancer. Not convinced? Tea is also packed with vitamins and antioxidants to counteract oxidative stress to your body from free radicals which increase your risk for disease and accelerate the aging process.
5) Tea comes in loose leaves and, for convenience, in tea bags. However, the trade-off for the convenience of tea bags is that the tea leaves dry out and lose their flavor faster, the leaves are broken in the process of bagging them, and the small size of a tea bag causes the leaves to be packed tighter and less able to diffuse properly when steeping. So if you want the best taste, consider a tea ball and loose tea. Or, if you like your tea in bags, keep it air tight and drink it sooner rather than later.
6) While tea is the second-most consumed beverage worldwide, cultural connections to this flavorful drink vary widely throughout the world. In Great Britain, there is high tea with lots of food and pastries, but the tea ceremonies of China and Japan focus on the importance and ritualized precision of making the tea itself. In Pakistan and other Middle Eastern countries, tea is prepared as chai with a mixture of pistachios, almonds, cardamom, and cinnamon. In the United States, against all convention, tea has been iced, sweetened, flavored, and has taken on the persona of a soft drink.
7) While both tea and coffee contain caffeine, tea has less caffeine and lends itself to relaxation and reflection. The higher caffeine content in coffee makes it a little edgier and more energizing.
When I’m feeling under the weather, herbal tea is my first choice. However, when I want to relax, catch up with friends, or catch the sunrise, I’ll make myself a cup of green tea.