For many people, a well-kept lawn is a source of great pride and satisfaction. However, maintaining a weed-free, lush lawn without the use of specific chemicals can also be a great deal of work unless you practice a few guidelines on a regular basis.
How to Get Thicker GrassIf you follow these suggestions, you can expect to see a more lush lawn beginning in a few months, depending on which part of the year you begin and where you live.
Buy or borrow a hand-held core aerator. Before you set out on your mission, water your lawn thoroughly. Take the aerator and remove plugs from your lawn. This task increases the amount of oxygen as well as water and nutrients that reach the roots.
Purchase grass seed that is the same variety as the one already in your yard. If you are unsure, check with a lawn expert or your local agricultural cooperative. Apply the seed over your entire lawn and water thoroughly. If you are starting a lawn, be sure to choose a grass that is suitable for your climate that doesn't need a lot of water.
Accumulation of thatch (dead grass, stems, and roots) can choke out healthy grass. If you have a small lawn, a hand thatch rake can do the trick. Otherwise, there are power rakes available.
It's tempting to cut your grass really short so you won't have to mow it as often, but short grass blades are vulnerable to insects, the weather, and a lack of sufficient nutrients. A general rule is to never cut more than one-third the length of the grass blades. For example, if your lawnmower is set at two inches, mow your grass when it reaches three inches or less.
Also practice grasscycling, in which you scatter your grass clippings back on your lawn. This will promote a thicker lawn by helping keep the moisture in the soil.
How to Get a Weed-Free LawnRidding your lawn of weeds doesn't have to involve toxic herbicides, fungicides, or pesticides. These can pollute soil, groundwater, plants, and anything that touches your lawn. Instead, try any of the suggestions below on how to get a weed-free lawn.
Even though these are natural methods, they may still have a negative impact on adjacent grass (except for the first suggestion), so be sure to focus your efforts on the weeds and avoid the grass as much as possible.
If the weed situation is not too overwhelming, a great way to eliminate the pests is to pull them out by the roots. Use a weed hand tool and, if possible, get the entire family involved in the project!
Killing unwanted weeds can be as simple as boiling water. Apply the boiling water to the stems and leaves of the offensive plants. This approach is best for weeds that are growing through cracks in the sidewalk or driveway, or a large area that you plan to replant once you have eliminated the weeds. If you use boiling water in your garden, be very careful to avoid your flowers and produce.
A solution containing common table salt, when applied to the leaves of weeds, can be very effective. The recipe calls for 1 part salt to 3–8 parts water (depending on how strong you want to make it) plus a teaspoon or so of liquid dish soap. Use a spray bottle to apply the solution. The secret is to avoid getting the solution into the soil (or just a minimal amount). You can tie back plants that may be around the offensive weeds so you can focus the application process. You may need to reapply the salt mixture after several days or especially after it rains.
A two-inch layer of mulch is a great way to keep away weeds in your garden (but obviously not a plan for your lawn). In fact, mulch will quickly kill your grass if you don't keep it contained.
You can use common 5-percent-acetic-acid white vinegar, which should kill most weeds, or opt for the stronger 20-percent-acetic-acid agricultural strength variety that can damage your skin and lungs. Wear gloves and avoid inhaling the fumes if you go for the 20 percent. You can apply either full strength directly on the leaves of weeds using a spray bottle. Avoid spraying on your grass or garden plants. You may improve the effectiveness of this method if you add a small amount of liquid dish detergent to the vinegar. Reapply the vinegar as needed, and especially after rain.
If one natural herbicide is good, why not two together? A mixture of 1 gallon of vinegar and 1 cup salt, with a little liquid dish soap if desired, can work wonders. Again, use a spray bottle and focus your spray.
This basic cleaning product can help clean out weeds from your yard. Combine 2.5 gallons of water and 10 ounces of powdered borax in a large spray container. In addition to keeping overspray away from your other plants, avoid contact with your skin.
One man's weed is another man's dinner. Many weeds are edible, including dandelions, chicory, and dock, and some are also medicinal. You might contact your local agricultural cooperative and explore which weeds are safe to harvest and consume in your area. Once you pick them, you can enjoy them in salads, omelettes, stir fry, or perhaps even smoothies.