A Healthy Biosphere Means Healthier Humans

May 9, 2016 Updated: May 19, 2016
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Imagine if scientists came up with an inexpensive, easily administered way to decrease the risk of cancer, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and obesity by 25 percent to 35 percent. It would create a sensation and, if patented, would be worth billions. But there’s already a free and simple way to achieve this: exercise.

The human body evolved over millions of years, long before cars, escalators, laptops, and remote controls. It’s built to expend effort. Gas-powered vehicles enabled us to move over long distances or get somewhere quickly, but they’re bad medicine when they’re used to go two or three blocks. Our lives are easier but not necessarily healthier. It’s time we put more thought into keeping our bodies active and well, minimizing sickness.

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Fitness increases your chances of staying well, but it’s not a guarantee. We still have much to learn about the ways in which genetics and environmental conditions affect health. After the first human genome survey was completed in 2003, we thought DNA sequences would reveal the secrets of disease and speed development of treatments. But despite trillions of dollars spent on research, many cancers are still unsolved and we’ve learned that only a few diseases—such as cystic fibrosis, Huntington’s chorea, and sickle cell anemia—are the result of only one gene.

(Vladimir Kudinov/Unsplash.com)
(Vladimir Kudinov/Unsplash.com)

Most conditions result from the interplay of heredity and environment. And because many genes each add a small bit to defects like cancer, heart disease, and dementia, magic bullet cures are elusive. Meanwhile, health-care costs show little sign of stabilizing, and increasing obesity and an aging population will drive them higher.

Health is about risk management. We can’t choose our parents … But we can influence external factors, like diet, exercise, habits, and environment.

Health is about risk management. We can’t choose our parents, so there’s little we can do about the hereditary component of disease unless you subscribe to the promise of technological engineering like gene splicing and editing. But we can influence external factors, like diet, exercise, habits, and environment.

(Danielle MacInnes/Unsplash.com)
(Danielle MacInnes/Unsplash.com)

Consider air, water, and food.

We need air every minute of our lives to ignite the fuel in our body to give us energy. We suck two to three quarts deep into the warm, moist recesses of our lungs. Our alveoli are smeared with surfactants that reduce surface tension and enable air to stick so oxygen and whatever else is in that breath can enter our bloodstream. Carbon dioxide leaves our body when we exhale. Lungs filter whatever’s in the air. Deprived of air for three minutes, we die. Forced to live in polluted air, we sicken.

Yosemite National Park, United States. (Christian Joudrey/Unsplash.com)
Yosemite National Park, United States. (Christian Joudrey/Unsplash.com)

We are 60 percent to 70 percent water by weight. Every cell in our body is inflated by water. Water allows metabolic reactions to occur and enables molecules to move within and between cells and, when we drink it, we also take in whatever’s in it, from molecules like DDT and PCBs to viruses, bacteria, and parasites.

All the cells and structures of our body are molecules assembled from the debris of plants and animals we consume. If we spray or inject food plants and animals with toxic chemicals, and then consume them, we incorporate those chemicals into our very being, sometimes passing them on to our offspring before they’re even born.

Lake Dunmore in Addison County, Vermont. (Todd Quackenbush/Unsplash.com)
Lake Dunmore in Addison County, Vermont. (Todd Quackenbush/Unsplash.com)

We put effort and money into searching for disease causes. But screening toxic effects of thousands of new molecules every year is painstaking and expensive, so most are never tested. Often, mirroring genetic effects, different molecules, each harmless on its own, may collectively create a problem. Research is beginning to show that even diseases with genetic components, like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, can be triggered by pesticide exposure. When we consider the vast array of chemicals spewed into air, water, and soil, predicting those that may interact with each other and our genetic makeup to create health problems is difficult if not impossible.

(Elijah Hail/Unsplash.com)
(Elijah Hail/Unsplash.com)

Our health is tied to air, water, and food from the soil. That means we should keep them clean and stop dumping toxic wastes into them. Our health is also improved by exercise, which should be part of the way we live. Outdoor exercise is especially good. Connecting with nature is beneficial for physical and mental health. Caring for ourselves and the biosphere would pay many times over in improved health and happiness.

This article was originally published on David Suzuki Foundation.

Views expressed in this article are the opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Epoch Times.