South Africa Looking Into Deploying More Military to Quell Unrest

By Reuters
July 15, 2021 Updated: July 15, 2021

The South African government is looking into expanding the deployment of the military after days of looting and violence, President Cyril Ramaphosa said, according to a statement from his office on Wednesday.

Ramaphosa made the comments during consultations with the leaders of political parties on ways to address the ongoing unrest. The leaders urged him to put more troops on the streets.

“President Ramaphosa welcomed proposals made by political leaders and said expanded deployment of the South African National Defence Force was being addressed,” the statement said.

South African President Cyril Ramaphosa delivers han address in Parliament in South Africa, on Feb. 11, 2021. (Esa Alexander/Pool/AFP via Getty Images)

Days of riots and looting in South Africa have left more than 70 people dead, hurt thousands of businesses and damaged major infrastructure in some of the worst civil unrest.

The unrest started after former President Jacob Zuma handed himself over last week to start a 15-month prison sentence for contempt of court.

Zuma supporters, who believe he is the victim of a political witch-hunt, burned tyres and blocked roads in his home province of KwaZulu-Natal.

Support for Zuma stems partly from his image as a man of the people during his nine years in power until 2018, and because some see his jailing as an attack on the nation’s largest ethnic group, the Zulu.

Although many wealthy and middle-class South Africans were overjoyed when Zuma was ousted after multiple sleaze and graft allegations, he still retains loyal followings in KwaZulu-Natal and some poor, rural areas.

His support among the population mirrors a division within the governing African National Congress (ANC), where a pro-Zuma faction opposes his successor President Cyril Ramaphosa.

A member of the South African Police Services searches for looters inside the Gold Spot Shopping Centre in Vosloorus, southeast of Johannesburg, on July 12, 2021. (Guillem Sartorio/AFP via Getty Images)

Poverty, Crime

The hardship that persists 27 years after the end of apartheid is a major reason why hundreds of shops and dozens of malls have been stripped bare.

Statistics agency data show roughly half of the country’s 35 million adults live below the poverty line and that young people are disproportionately affected by unemployment.

South Africa has one of the highest levels of inequality in the world according to the commonly-used Gini index, with a “dual economy” catering to a small, largely white elite and large, mainly black majority.

Rioters loot the Jabulani Mall in Soweto, southwest of Johannesburg, on July 12, 2021.(Guillem Sartorio/AFP via Getty Images)
A South Africa Police Service officer tries to disperse rioters looting a liquor shop at the Jabulani Mall in the Soweto district of Johannesburg on July 12, 2021. (Luca Sola/AFP via Getty Images)

Moves by the ANC, which has governed since the start of democratic rule, to redistribute land and wealth have progressed slowly.

COVID-19 has exacerbated poverty, with a recent survey showing a sharp increase in hunger. Official unemployment hit a record high above 32 percent in the first three months of 2021.

Although the government increased social grants to cushion the pandemic, it cannot afford to match the costly furlough schemes of wealthier nations.

Police say some criminals have been taking advantage of anger over Zuma’s imprisonment to steal and cause destruction. So far more than 1,200 people have been arrested.

Suspected looters who surrendered to armed private security officers are marched outside, in a flooded mall in Vosloorus, on July 13, 2021. (Marco Longari/AFP via Getty Images)

People are also reportedly fanning the violence with inflammatory comments and social media posts, according to security officials. Two people drawing criticism are a spokesman for Zuma’s charitable foundation, Mzwanele Manyi, who attributed some early acts of violence to “righteous anger,” and Zuma’s daughter Duduzile.

Manyi told Reuters the violence could have been avoided and that the manner in which 79-year-old Zuma was jailed reminded people of the apartheid days.

An account bearing Duduzile’s name has repeatedly posted images and videos of protests and violence on Twitter with the rallying cry “Amandla!” (Power!) used during the liberation struggle. Reuters has not been able to reach her to verify she posted those messages.

The ANC has said it is concerned by the tweets and that party member Duduzile will have to explain herself.

By Alexander Winning