Scientists Find Closest Thing Yet to Earth-Sun Twin System

July 23, 2015 Updated: July 26, 2015

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla.—Scientists have identified a “close cousin” to Earth that’s orbiting a sun-like star and might harbor life.

The researchers announced their discovery on July 23 based on observations from NASA’s Kepler space telescope.

“It is the closest thing that we have to another place that somebody else might call home,” said Jon Jenkins, the lead data analyst from NASA’s Ames Research Center in California.

This older, bigger cousin to Earth is called Kepler-452b. What makes this planet remarkable is that it orbits its star at about the same distance that Earth orbits the sun at. What’s more, its home star seems similar to our sun.

Based on what scientists know today, Jenkins added, “This is the closest thing we have to another Earth-sun twin system.”

John Grunsfeld, NASA’s science mission chief, said the exoplanet system, “as far as we can tell, is a pretty good close cousin to the Earth and our sun.” The planet itself is “the closest twin, so to speak, to Earth 2.0” yet found in the Kepler data.

“This is about the closest so far,” Grunsfeld said, “and I really emphasize the ‘so far.'”

One unanswered question is whether the planet is rocky. Scientists believe that there’s a better than even chance it is. As for its age and size, the planet is about 6 billion years old, 1.5 billion years older than Earth, and 60 percent larger in diameter than our home planet. Its star, Kepler 452, is also older and bigger, as well as brighter than our sun.

Planet 452b takes 385 days to orbit its star, just a little more than what the Earth takes for a one-year lap. It’s just a bit farther from its star than Earth is from our sun.

Located in the Constellation Cygnus, the planet is in a solar system that is 1,400 light years from our own.

“So pack your bags, it’s a long trip,” joked Jenkins.

Planet 452b is among more than 500 new entries listed in the Kepler team’s latest catalog of exoplanet candidates released on Thursday, July 23. Kepler was launched in 2009 to hunt for exoplanets—worlds beyond our solar system.

Of those 500-plus new potential planets, 12 are both less than twice Earth’s diameter and orbiting in the so-called habitable zone of their star, also known as the just-right Goldilocks zone.

Kepler-452b is the first of those 12 to be confirmed as a true planet, thanks to ground observations.

Altogether, the catalog now includes 4,661 exoplanet candidates. Slightly more than 1,000 of them are confirmed to be planets.