How to Make Classic French Madeleines

April 4, 2021 Updated: April 4, 2021

Madeleines are the little French butter cakes that most (non-French) people think of more as a cookie. I don’t think they’re for the inexperienced cook—they are a little tricky and need a fair amount of confidence to turn out just right.

That said, I’ve tried to cover all the small details in this recipe so even if you’re a fairly new cook, you can certainly still give these a try.

I’m offering the classic lemon-scented madeleines here, but they do come in many flavors. Chocolate, rose, vanilla, lavender, and orange are all popular versions. Some people add mini chocolate chips and some people add a glaze, but I prefer them simple and straightforward.

Madeleines have a classy, literary reputation, having served as Proust’s muse in his famous “Remembrance of Things Past.” Like most muses, however, madeleines appear to be simple but actually require a fair amount of patience and careful following of instructions. In the end, though, you are rewarded with a truly unique little cake, browned and crispy on the outside and spongy and soft on the inside—a perfect accompaniment to your afternoon cup of tea.

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These little cakes are a perfect accompaniment to your afternoon cup of tea. (vm2002/Shutterstock)

Do I Need to Brown the Butter?

In this classic recipe, you would normally brown the butter slightly to add nuttiness. But browning butter just right can be challenging, as it can quickly turn from nutty to burned. If you’re not confident with this skill, simply melt the butter and skip the browning part. Your madeleines will still be delicious.

The following recipe is loosely based on one from Julia Child. Like many madeleine recipes, it takes a slightly unusual approach in that you mix the flour, sugar, and eggs first and add the melted butter last. (In most baking, the butter is usually creamed with the sugar, then the eggs are added and the flour stirred in last.) The batter also needs to rest in the refrigerator for at least an hour to chill and hydrate the flour. You can leave it for longer than that, even overnight.

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You’ll need special scallop-shelled madeleine pans; try to buy two, since most madeleine recipes make a dozen. (Lizzy Komen/Shutterstock)

What Special Equipment Do I Need?

Another barrier for making madeleines is that you need specific equipment, namely the scallop shell pans to bake them in, which is something most newer cooks don’t usually have around. It’s worth it to check around with your friends and family to see if someone has the pans to borrow. You can also pick them up at garage sales and they are available online through places such as Amazon and Sur La Table.

Try to get two, as most recipes will make two dozen, and it’s a drag to have to wash and rebutter the pans between baking sessions. It also really helps to have a pastry brush to coat the pans with the butter and flour mixture.

Many recipes say that the colder the dough is kept, the more likely it is that the madeleine will form the classic “bump” on the back. I experimented with freezing one baking tray and not freezing the other, and found that the madeleines baked on the unfrozen tray had a significantly smaller bump. So, if that feature is important to you, be sure to freeze the pans and then get the filled pans in the oven right away. You can even go so far as to freeze the already filled pans for about 10 minutes before placing them immediately in the oven.

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To help the madeleines form the classic “bump” on their backs, freeze your pans before filling them with batter. (Picture Partners/Shutterstock)

To Serve

Madeleines are delicious when eaten just from the oven and cooled until barely warm. They will keep for a day or two in an airtight container, but will start to lose that nice crisp texture after a while. It’s not the end of the world if this happens, but there’s a reason those fancy restaurants used to send people home with fresh-from-the-oven madeleines: they are simply at their best when super fresh.

Classic French Madeleines

Makes 24 madeleines

  • 1 stick plus 3 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 1 cup plus 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour, divided
  • 2/3 cup granulated sugar
  • 2 large eggs
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • Pinch of salt
  • 1 tablespoon lemon juice
  • 1 tablespoon lemon zest
  • Powdered sugar (optional)

Melt the butter in a small saucepan. If you feel you can get it slightly toasty brown, go right ahead and do so by leaving it to bubble in the pan until it smells toasty and starts to color. Just remember that the butter will turn very quickly from toasty to burned and that it will continue to color after it is off the heat unless you pour it into a new container. Spoon 3 tablespoons of the butter into a small bowl or cup and set aside. Let the rest of the butter cool slightly.

In a medium bowl, whisk together 1 cup of the flour and the sugar, and set aside. In another medium bowl, whisk the eggs with the vanilla, salt, lemon juice, and lemon zest until the eggs are frothy.

Add the eggs to the flour. Using a spatula, stir until just combined. Add the remaining melted butter (not the reserved 3 tablespoons) and continue to stir. It may take a minute for the butter to blend into the mixture, but do not over mix.

Cover the bowl with a plate (or plastic wrap) and place in the refrigerator to rest for at least 1 hour and up to overnight.

Add the remaining 1 tablespoon flour to the 3 tablespoons reserved butter and stir to combine. Using a pastry brush, brush the interiors of the shells with the butter-flour mixture so that they are well coated. Place the pans in the freezer for at least an hour.

Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F. Remove the batter from the refrigerator and one pan from the freezer. Fill each well in the madeleine pan with 1 tablespoon of the batter. Remove the other pan and fill in the same way.

Place both pans on a baking sheet for easy handling and place in the oven. Check after 8 minutes and rotate plans. Check again 5 minutes later. The madeleines should be browning around the edges and puffed up a little in the middle. Using your forefinger, press lightly on the center hump; when the madeleines are finished baking, it should spring back at your touch.

Remove the madeleines from the oven and let cool for 2 minutes. Using a fork, gently loosen the madeleines from their molds and then tip the whole pan out onto a cooling rack or tea towel. Once cool, dust lightly with powdered sugar and serve. If you are freezing or storing the madeleines, do not dust with the sugar until you are about to serve.

Recipe Notes

Store cooled madeleines in an airtight container for a few days or freeze them in a double wrapping of plastic wrap for several months.

Let the cakes defrost before dusting with sugar.

Dana Velden is a contributor to TheKitchn.com, a nationally known blog for people who love food and home cooking. Submit any comments or questions to editorial@thekitchn.com. Copyright 2021 Apartment Therapy. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.