Travel

5 Spiritual Tourism Destinations and How to Experience Them

BY The Conversation, Jaeyeon Choe and Alan A. Lew TIMEMarch 22, 2022 PRINT

The pandemic has led some people to take a greater interest in religion and spirituality. One of the many definitions of the “spirit” is that it is our inner, nonphysical world, including both our conscious and subconscious minds. Our spiritual self interprets sensory inputs from our outer world and creates our experience of reality.

We usually associate spirituality with practices such as worship, meditation, and yoga. But for many, traveling can be highly spiritual, as it involves being immersed in an experience that’s different from our normal existence. It is also a “liminal experience”—we are suspended in an unknown setting which opens us to new possibilities.

Spiritual tourism, including wellness tourism, was a rising global trend before the pandemic. The book and Hollywood film “Eat Pray Love,” for example, drew tourists to India and Indonesia who were seeking spiritual solutions to the challenges of modern life.

As the pandemic eases and the world gradually returns to international travel, we expect places known for their spiritual energy and significance will become popular destinations. Spiritual tourism is as much about inner, self-reflexive experiences as outer destination experiences. Here are five places you can visit with great spiritual significance.

1. The Old City of Jerusalem, Israel

The Old City of Jerusalem is often listed among the top spiritual places in the world. It contains some of the holiest sites for the Abrahamic religions, including the Western Wall for Judaism, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre for Christianity, and the Dome of the Rock for Islam.

But even if you’re not a follower of these religions, the sounds, smells, narrow cobblestone footpaths, ancient architecture, and multicultural people, shops, and foods can open your mind. Some even succumb to Jerusalem syndrome, perhaps remembering a spiritual connection to the city from a past life.

But while we can go to the most religious places in the world, they will not be spiritual until we turn inward. For tourists, there are several non-intrusive ways to turn inwards while maintaining respect for the destination. These include setting aside time for contemplation, maintaining a sense of mindfulness and openness to new experiences, and silent walking and other forms of quiet meditation and prayer.

2. The Ghats of Varanasi, India

Varanasi is the oldest and holiest city in India. It was already more than 1,400 years old when the Buddha gave his first sermon near there in around 400 BC. The city has more than 3,000 Hindu and more than 1,300 Muslim holy sites, along with Buddhist, Jain, Sikh, and Christian spiritual places.

Epoch Times Photo
Varanasi, India, overlooking the historic Varanasi and Ganges River ghats. (Roop_Dey/Shutterstock)

But Varanasi is most famous for the “ghats” along the Ganges River. Ghats are the more than 80 sets of steps leading into the river from Hindu temples, shrines, and palaces. Bathing ghats are where devotees cleanse themselves of karma to be free of the cycle of incarnations. There are also cremation ghats. Spirituality permeates the narrow streets of temples, bazaars, and artisans.

3. Luang Prabang, Laos

Epoch Times Photo
The royal palace in Luang Prabang. (Suthikait Teerawattanaphan/Shutterstock)

Luang Prabang is the peaceful, laid-back, former capital of the historic kingdom of the same name. With 33 Buddhist temples and shrines, it embodies the Buddha’s teaching that our true essence is the silence within.

The city is quiet, relaxing, and surrounded by the Mekong River with mountains and waterfalls nearby. Spirituality is everywhere, from exploring and contemplating temples and appreciating the daily rituals of monks and nuns to taking long walks along the river and in the surrounding hills and interacting with the people and culture.

4. The Hopi Mesas, Arizona, USA

The Hopi Native Americans are among the most traditional cultures in the United States today, with Old Oraibi village being the country’s oldest continuously occupied settlement. They are “settled agriculturalists,” living in villages atop mesas (flat-topped hills) and farming the lands below. Their religion is secret, but they announce traditional social and spiritual dances to the public about a week before they are held.

Visitors are always welcome to watch the dances or wander the villages to see and buy from artisans. Photography or sketching are not allowed for spiritual reasons. The Hopi believe that their religion maintains the spiritual stability of the entire planet. You get a sense of this as you step back into an infinite time of quiet solitude and meditate on the open vistas of the Hopi Mesas. Many are so taken that they become “wannabe Hopis,” though outsiders are discouraged as permanent residents.

5. The Camino de Santiago, Spain

The Camino de Santiago is an ancient pilgrimage route to the cathedral in Santiago, to worship the remains of St. James, who brought Christianity to Spain. The journey can be long (several weeks) or short (several days) and can start in Spain, Portugal, or France. The most popular path is 780 kilometers (485 miles) long, starting from Saint Jean Pied de Port, France, to Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Camino de Santiago in spring
Pilgrims walking through endless green fields under the sun of a beautiful spring morning, Camino de Santiago, Navarra, Spain. (Nacho Such/Shutterstock)

Although a religious tradition within Spain, the pilgrimage route attracts many spiritual tourists from elsewhere. As with most pilgrimage treks, the journey is more important than the destination.

For some, it is meditative, bringing psychological well-being. For others, it offers space to reflect on personal challenges (such as a relationship breakup or job loss). You can enjoy walking alone, but there is also a strong sense of community among like-minded pilgrims from around the world sharing hostel accommodations and meals.

This article was originally published on The Conversation.

Jaeyeon Choe
Dr. Jaeyeon Choe obtained her PhD in Tourism Management with a minor in Cultural Anthropology from The Pennsylvania State University. Her research areas revolve around wellness/spiritual tourism in Southeast Asia, sustainable tourism development, poverty alleviation, and the well-being of marginalised communities. She is currently leading a project, 'Tourism for SDGs: Wellness Tourism and Sustainable Development in Indonesia'. With a passion of knowledge co-production, she actively works with the ASEAN academic communities.
Alan A. Lew
Alan A. Lew is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Geography, Planning, and Recreation at Northern Arizona University. His academic background covers the fields of human geography, urban planning, and tourism studies. He is the founding editor-in-chief of the "Tourism Geographies" journal (Routledge, UK); he has written over 100 journal articles and book chapters, along with several books, including "Understanding and Managing Tourism Impacts: An Integrated Approach" (2009), "Tourism Geography", 3rd ed. (2014), and "World Regional Geography", 2nd ed. (2015). Dr. Lew is a Fellow of the International Academy for the Study of Tourism and a member of the American Institute of Certified Planners. His research interests and writings focus on tourism across East and Southeast Asia. Since retirement he has started two non-academic publications on Medium.com - "Tourism Geographic" and "New Earth Consciousness"
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