US Trade Deficit Falls as Exports Hit Two-Year High

April 4, 2017 9:58 am Last Updated: April 4, 2017 9:59 am

WASHINGTON—The U.S. trade deficit fell more than expected in February as exports increased to a two-year high and slowing domestic demand weighed on imports.

The Commerce Department said on Tuesday the trade gap declined 9.6 percent to $43.6 billion. January’s trade deficit was revised slightly down to $48.2 billion from $48.5 billion.

Economists polled by Reuters had forecast the trade gap falling to $44.8 billion in February.

When adjusted for inflation, the deficit decreased to $59.7 billion, with exports of goods the highest on record as an earlier drag from a strong dollar fades. The real trade deficit was $65.1 billion in January.

The dollar held modest gains versus a basket of currencies after the data, while prices for U.S. Treasuries were little changed.

Most economists expect trade will likely be a small drag on gross domestic product in the first quarter after subtracting 1.82 percentage points from fourth-quarter growth.

In addition to trade, weak consumer spending also likely constrained the economy in the first three months of the year. The Atlanta Federal Reserve is forecasting GDP rising at a 1.2 percent rate in the first quarter, a deceleration from the 2.1 percent pace logged in the October-December period.

The Trump administration is eyeing trade as a vehicle to lift annual economic growth to 4 percent and boost the manufacturing sector. President Donald Trump last Friday ordered a study into the causes of U.S. trade deficits and a clamp-down on import duty evasion.

Trump also wants to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which was signed in 1994 by the United States, Canada and Mexico.

Rising Exports

Container ships are positioned under cranes at the Port of Oakland in Oakland, Calif., on Aug. 16, 2010. (Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)
Container ships are positioned under cranes at the Port of Oakland in Oakland, Calif., on Aug. 16, 2010. (Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

In February, exports of goods and services increased 0.2 percent to $192.9 billion, the highest level since December 2014. Exports were lifted by gains in the shipments of automobiles and parts, which were the highest since July 2014.

Exports of industrial supplies and materials were the highest since December 2015. There was an 8.0 percent jump in exports to the European Union, with goods shipped to Germany surging 8.6 percent. Exports to the United Kingdom soared 17.3 percent and Japan also bought more goods from the United States.

However, exports to China fell 2.7 percent and Mexico saw a 7.1 percent drop in goods shipped from the United States.

Imports of goods and services fell 1.8 percent to $236.4 billion amid declines in imports of cell phones and motor vehicles. Imports had risen in recent months, in part on higher oil prices. There was a drop in crude oil imports in February.

Some of the decline in imports in February likely reflects slower consumer spending. Data on Friday showed real consumer spending decreased for a second straight month in February, the first back-to-back monthly decline since April 2009.

Still, food imports hit a record high in February and imports of capital goods were the highest in nearly two years. Imports of goods from China tumbled a record $8.6 billion to $32.8 billion in February, a 20.8 percent drop from January.

The nation also saw a decline in goods shipped from the European Union, Canada and Japan.

As a result, the politically sensitive U.S.-China trade deficit dropped 26.6 percent to $23.0 billion in February. The trade deficit with Germany was the smallest since January 2013. The trade gap with Mexico jumped 46 percent to $5.8 billion.