US Rejects China Maritime Claims, Calls for ASEAN Action on Burma

By Reuters
July 15, 2021 Updated: July 15, 2021

HANOI—The United States rejects the Chinese regime’s “unlawful” maritime claims in the South China Sea and stands with Southeast Asian countries facing Chinese “coercion”, Secretary of State Antony Blinken said on Wednesday.

The Chinese regime rejected Blinken’s comments, which he made in an address in a video conference with foreign ministers from the Association of Southeast Nations (ASEAN), as irresponsible and aimed at provoking discord.

Blinken also said the United States had “deep concerns” about the situation in Burma (also known as Myanmar) and urged the group to take action to end violence and restore democracy there.

The meeting with the 10-member bloc, which includes Burma, is the first since the Biden administration took office in January and comes amid concerns among diplomats and others that Washington has not been paying sufficient attention to a region that is crucial to its strategy to counter an increasingly aggressive Chinese regime.

ASEAN has been leading the main diplomatic effort on Burma since a Feb. 1 coup plunged it into turmoil.

Protesters set off smoke grenades
Protesters set off smoke grenades to block the view from snipers in Sanchaung, Yangon, Burma, on March 3, 2021. (Reuters)

Burma’s junta has shown little sign of heeding what ASEAN called a five-point consensus, reached in April, which seeks an end to violence, political talks and the nomination of a regional special envoy to Burma.

Blinken urged ASEAN to take “immediate action” on the consensus and appoint the envoy, State Department spokesperson Ned Price said in a statement.

Blinken asked for the release of all those “unjustly detained” in Burma and the restoration of its democratic transition, Price said.

On the disputed South China Sea, Blinken emphasized the U.S. rejection of China’s “unlawful maritime claims” and said the United States “stands with Southeast Asian claimants in the face of coercion”, Price said.

Welcome Embrace

The Chinese regime claims vast swathes of the South China Sea via its unilaterally declared, U-shaped, “nine-dash line” which overlaps with the exclusive economic zones of Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia and the Philippines, all ASEAN members.

Trillions of dollars in trade flow every year through the waterway, which also contains rich fishing grounds and gas fields.

Chinese vessels at South China Sea
Chinese vessels, believed to be manned by Chinese maritime militia personnel, are seen at Whitsun Reef, South China Sea, on March 27, 2021. (Philippine Coast Guard/National Task Force-West Philippine Sea/Handout via Reuters)

In addition to the South China Sea, the Mekong River has become a new front in U.S.-China rivalry, with Beijing overtaking Washington in both spending and influence over downstream countries at the mercy of its control of the river’s waters.

Price said Blinken “pledged continued U.S. support for a free and open Mekong region under the Mekong-U.S. Partnership”.

Malaysian Foreign Minister Hishammuddin Hussein said he hoped Wednesday’s meeting signaled a “refreshed commitment” to U.S. multilateral cooperation.

“We understand that multilateralism was not a key focus for the previous administration, but the Biden administration’s embrace of multilateral cooperation is a welcome development,” Hishammuddin said, according to a copy of his delivered remarks.

“This path is the only way forward to ensure stability, peace, prosperity and security for our region.”

By James Pearson