India opened to the world in 1991 with its New Economic Policy that embraced economic liberalization and privatization. The policies lifted India’s GDP, but also widened the gap between rich and poor, explains Dilip Hiro, author of 36 books including “The Age of Aspiration: Power, Wealth, and Conflict in Globalizing India.” Services have climbed, contributing to a growing economy boosted by the internet, mobile phones, and information technology. But the government and citizens struggle to adapt to a shifting economy: Agriculture, employing about half the nation’s workers and contributing about 15 percent to GDP, is in decline. The services sector is strong, contributing about 60 percent of GDP and employing 30 percent. Hiro describes declining subsidies for the agriculture sector and chronic malnutrition among the rural population. “Increased GDP growth has come at the cost of ever-widening inequality,” he points out. He concludes that uneven distribution of economic benefits continues regardless which of two major parties is in power, and that could lead to disenchantment with globalization and global cooperation in the world’s largest democracy.