Depression: Symptoms and Treatment

December 11, 2013 Updated: April 24, 2016

Different individuals have unique symptoms of depression. These symptoms include, but are not limited to:

  • overeating or under-eating
  • loss of interest in favorite activities
  • feelings of hopelessness, anxiety, irritability, sadness, emptiness, fatigue, and guilt
  • thoughts of suicide, suicide attempts
  • inability to concentrate or remember details
  • sleeping too much, or barely at all
  • aches, pains, headaches, cramps, and gastrointestinal problems

Depression can be caused by genetics, brain chemistry, and/or situational stress. The first step in treatment is ruling out any medical reasons for the depression. Generally, psychotherapy and/or medication prescribed by a physician help most sufferers of depression to feel better.

If you or someone you know is in crisis, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room. The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline provides a toll-free, 24-hour hotline at 1-800-273-TALK.