China Quietly Raised $1.8 Billion on London Stock Exchange, More Planned

July 20, 2020 Updated: July 20, 2020

While the UK public was focused on Huawei’s involvement in the country’s 5G project, the Chinese regime quietly raised close to $2 billion on the London Stock Exchange last month, through a special listing programme between London and Shanghai.

More listings are expected to take place in the coming months.

On June 17, the China Pacific Insurance (Group) Co. Ltd (CPIC) listed 514 million of its A-shares—shares traded in China—on the London Stock Exchange (LSE) in the form of global depository receipts (GDRs) through a scheme called Shanghai-London Stock Connect, raising $1.8 billion at a time when UK-China relations seem to be reaching a low point.

Like many other large companies in China, a significant portion of CPIC is held by various state-owned enterprises that are ultimately owned by the central or local governments of the Chinese regime. At the time of writing, over 45 percent of CPIC is ultimately owned by the Chinese State Council and the government of Shanghai.

CPIC was the second issuer to list via the Connect scheme, following Huatai Securities, who raised $1.7 billion last year. The government of Jiangsu Province is a significant shareholder of Huatai Securities.

China stock market
Investors monitor stock price movements at a securities company in Beijing on June 15, 2016. (Greg Baker/AFP/Getty Images)

More state-backed Chinese companies are getting ready to be listed in the UK. On June 11, the board of China Yangtze Power Co. Ltd gave its approval for the London GDR listing. Over 63 percent of the company is ultimately owned by the Chinese central government, with much of the remaining stake split between several local governments of Guizhou, Yunnan, and Shanghai.

The board of SDIC Power Holdings Co. Ltd approved UK GDR listing in July last year but decided later in December to delay the listing due to unfavourable market conditions. They are also expected to restart the process. The Chinese central government ultimately owns over 56 percent of SDIC Power.

Fast Access for China to Foreign Capital

Compared to floating original shares, the Connect scheme of GDR listing allows Chinese companies much easier access to international funding.

Under the scheme, eligible companies listed on one exchange are able to deposit their original shares with a local custodian bank, and list the “receipts” issued by the custodian on the other exchange. Those receipts can be traded as normal shares. With GDR listing, the Chinese companies skip some of the tough requirements under listing rules for equity shares, such as three-year revenue tracking.

In the case of CPIC, there seemed to be additional exceptions granted. On June 17, CPIC Chairman Kong Qingwei told CGTN, the overseas arm of a Chinese state-run media company, that the CPIC listing made history in several areas.

It was the first company ever to issue GDRs using Chinese accounting standards, as opposed to the EU International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) or other Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAPs) typically required. It was also the first non-European company to have a minimum public shareholding waiver on the GDR. Both exceptions would make possible the listing of businesses tightly controlled by the Chinese regime.

Kong failed to mention another record-setting event. CPIC’s IPO application was approved in two days, the fastest turnaround the market has ever seen. CPIC submitted its application on June 10, and received the green light on June 12, at “lightning” speed, as described by Yicai, a financial news outlet in China.

Both the Financial Conduct Authority, which oversees the UK listing regime, and the London Stock Exchange did not respond to The Epoch Times’s requests for comment.

A ‘Golden Era’ Legacy

Much of the Shanghai-London Stock Connect scheme was constructed under former Prime Minister David Cameron’s leadership, although it was completed several months after his resignation over the Brexit referendum result in 2016. The scheme was hailed as a “groundbreaking initiative” and an important part of the long-term strategic financial partnership between the two countries by then-Chancellor Philip Hammond.

Britain's then-Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond (C) and Chinese Vice-Premier Hu Chunhua (C-R) applaud the launch of a stock link between the Shanghai and London stock exchange in London on June 17, 2019.
Britain’s then-Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond (C) and Chinese Vice-Premier Hu Chunhua (C-R) applaud the launch of a stock link between the Shanghai and London stock exchanges, in London on June 17, 2019. (Henry Nicholls/AFP via Getty Images)

It was estimated that more than 260 of the 1,500 companies listed in Shanghai were potentially eligible for listing in London under the scheme.

A fund manager, who wishes to remain anonymous, told The Epoch Times, while the Chinese have shown a strong interest in the scheme, due to China’s less-than-desirable legal and regulatory environment, the scheme is not as enticing for the British businesses. Although the scheme allows Chinese businesses to raise new capital through issuing new shares for the UK listing, British companies would only be permitted to apply existing shares in any China listing, further limiting the benefits to them. So far, no British company has applied to the scheme.

Lessons From the United States

The lackluster effort of the Connect scheme to ensure that Chinese companies adhere to the right standards stands in contrast to what is developing in the United States today, the leading operator in the financial market.

After suffering a series of scandals associated with Chinese companies, such as Luckin Coffee, which falsified sales accounts equivalent to 40 percent of annual projected sales, the U.S. regulators and lawmakers are taking measures to protect investors by ensuring all companies listed in the United States have proper disclosure and accounting standards.

With China’s increasingly aggressive action to dominate the world, national interest has become another point of consideration for U.S. authorities when it comes to China investment.

In a Sept. 2019 CNBC op-ed regarding the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board, U.S. Sens. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) and Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.) described China’s economy as “intentionally opaque,” and that “Beijing uses state-owned and state-directed enterprises to control production, compete in global markets, and serve the Chinese Communist Party’s military, political, and economic goals.”

On May 13, 2020, the $600 billion retirement fund announced it would halt China investments.

In June, Sens. John Kennedy (R-La.) and Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.) introduced the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act to protect investors from foreign companies that have been operating on U.S. stock exchanges while avoiding oversight from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

“For too long, investors have not been provided accurate or timely information from Chinese companies registered on U.S. exchanges,” said Kennedy in a statement.

“Now is the time for both chambers of Congress to ensure that firms beholden to Communist China finally let U.S. regulators examine their books—to stop them from swindling American investors.”