A U.S. energy regulator on Friday gave Berkshire Hathaway Inc., the company controlled by billionaire Warren Buffett, permission to buy up to 50 percent of oil company Occidental Petroleum Corp’s common stock.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) said letting Berkshire add to its 20.2 percent stake was “consistent with the public interest.”
Berkshire had applied to increase its stake on July 11, saying it would not hurt competition, undermine regulatory authority, or boost costs for consumers. FERC regulates the interstate transmission of electricity, natural gas, and oil.
The share price of Houston-based Occidental has more than doubled this year, benefiting from rising oil prices. Berkshire began buying Occidental shares in February.
Buffett’s Omaha, Nebraska-based conglomerate also owns $10 billion of Occidental preferred stock, which helped finance the 2019 purchase of Anadarko Petroleum Corp., and has warrants to buy another 83.9 million common shares for $5 billion.
Berkshire also ended June with a $23.7 billion stake in a larger oil company, Chevron Corp.
“Buffett is taking advantage of stock market participants who are foolish about the oil and gas industry and consider it a dead business,” said Cole Smead, president of Smead Capital Management Inc. in Phoenix, which owns Occidental and Berkshire shares. “Buffett thinks it can make him wealthy.”
Berkshire did not immediately respond to a request for comment sent to Buffett’s assistant.
Occidental spokesman Eric Moses said the higher ownership limit was “necessary” because the company owned assets subject to FERC regulation. It said the prior limit was 25 percent.
FERC’s authorization does not require Berkshire to buy any Occidental shares.
Some investors and analysts have nonetheless said Berkshire could eventually buy Occidental, diversifying an energy portfolio that includes several utilities, electricity distributors, and renewable power projects including wind.
Buffett completed one of his biggest acquisitions, the $26.5 billion purchase of the BNSF railroad, in 2010 after Berkshire had amassed a 22.6 percent stake.
Morningstar analyst Greggory Warren said he “liked Occidental more as a wholly-owned subsidiary under the Berkshire umbrella” because it would reduce Occidental’s costs to access capital, and reduce exposure to commodity markets volatility.
Independent oil analyst Paul Sankey added that Occidental can benefit from the expanded tax credit for carbon-capture projects included in the Inflation Reduction Act signed this month by President Joe Biden.
“I can see him taking the whole thing private,” Sankey said, referring to Buffett.
Smead, in contrast, said Buffett is unlikely to buy all of Occidental soon, and can instead buy more shares on the open market at lower prices than in a full takeover.
“In the long run, he may, but you don’t file something like this with FERC if you’re planning it in the next six months,” Smead said.
Berkshire ended June with $105.4 billion of cash and equivalents, even after buying a net $45.2 billion of stocks in the year’s first half.
Buffett has pledged to keep $30 billion on hand. Occidental’s market value was about $66 billion after Friday’s run-up.
Berkshire owns more than 90 companies outright, including Geico car insurance, See’s Candies, Dairy Queen ice cream, and several manufacturing businesses.
At Berkshire’s annual meeting on April 30, Buffett said he began buying Occidental shares after reviewing an analyst presentation.
He also expressed confidence in Chief Executive Vicki Hollub, who has been reducing Occidental’s debt.
“She says she doesn’t know the price of oil next year. Nobody does,” Buffett said. “But we decided it made sense.”