US Lawmakers Seek Accountability for Organ Harvesting in China

US Lawmakers Seek Accountability for Organ Harvesting in China
Rep. Chris Smith (R-N.J.) speaks as U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken testifies before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs in Washington on March 10, 2021. (Ken Cedeno/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)
Emel Akan

WASHINGTON—A bipartisan group of U.S. lawmakers last month introduced the first legislation to combat global organ trafficking, which, if approved, would end U.S. silence on the lucrative and illegal practice perpetrated by the Chinese communist regime, according to experts.

U.S. lawmakers in early March reintroduced legislation in the Senate and the House to stop China’s state-sanctioned practice of forced organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience. Similar legislation was introduced in the previous session of Congress in December last year.
The United States and the international community have remained silent on the forced organ harvesting issue, despite the evidence of this practice, for far too long, Kristina Olney, director of government relations for the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, told The Epoch Times. 

Noting that the first congressional hearing on the issue was held in 1996, she said the United States and other rights-respecting nations should confront the evidence and hold the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) accountable “for its complicity.”

There have been a number of congressional hearings and resolutions condemning forced organ harvesting. But until now, there has been no comprehensive legislation signed into law requiring the U.S. government to take action on the issue.

Hence, the new bill, the Stop Forced Organ Harvesting Act, is an important step in that direction, according to human rights advocates.

“The bill comes at an incredibly important time, since Beijing’s genocidal actions in Xinjiang makes very clear the lengths to which the CCP is willing to go to control Uyghur Muslims and other religious and ethnic minorities in China,” Olney said.

If enacted, the measure would authorize the U.S. government to identify, expose, and sanction individuals and government officials responsible for human trafficking or organ harvesting across the world. The United States would be able to deny or revoke passports for people who engage in the illegal purchase of organs.

The bill also requires an annual report by the U.S. State Department on human organ trafficking in foreign countries. The report would introduce a tiered ranking system for determining the countries that have the lowest (tier one), intermediate (tier two), and the highest (tier three) levels of organ harvesting and trafficking. This reporting system would expose governments that are directly or indirectly involved in the crime.

“Organ harvesting is an egregiously barbaric and inhumane act that has no place in our world,” Rep. Chris Smith (R-N.J.), lead sponsor of the House bill (H.R.1592) said, in a statement on March 10.

Smith, who has fought the issue of forced organ harvesting for more than 20 years, said that the United States “must do more to put an end to the horrific abuse by international human trafficking gangs, terrorist organizations, and even some governments—China’s Communist regime in particular—who kill innocent people and sell their organs for profit.”

The House bill was co-sponsored by Reps. Thomas Suozzi (D-N.Y.), Vicky Hartzler (R-Mo.), and Brian Babin (R-Texas), while the Senate bill (S.602) was reintroduced by Sens. Tom Cotton (R-Ark.) and Chris Coons (D-Del.).
Sen. Chris Coons (D-Del.) during a hearing on Capitol Hill in Washington on Feb. 22, 2021. (DEMETRIUS FREEMAN/The Washington Post/AFP via Getty Images)
Sen. Chris Coons (D-Del.) during a hearing on Capitol Hill in Washington on Feb. 22, 2021. (DEMETRIUS FREEMAN/The Washington Post/AFP via Getty Images)

The China Tribunal

Allegations of China’s forced organ harvesting for transplant surgery first surfaced in 2006. Former Canadian Secretary of State (Asia-Pacific) David Kilgour and human rights lawyer David Matas conducted independent investigations and later published a report, after finding more than 18 different kinds of evidence to support the allegations. Adherents of Falun Gong, a spiritual discipline that’s also known as Falun Dafa, were prime victims of China’s lucrative organ transplant trade, they concluded.
Investigative journalist Ethan Gutmann also conducted an independent investigation and published his findings in the book “The Slaughter: Mass Killings, Organ Harvesting, and China’s Secret Solution to Its Dissident Problem.”

“There has been a reticence in the international community, and even in the human rights community to speak about this issue, and that is precisely because of the propaganda that has been advanced on this issue by the Chinese Communist Party,” Olney said, adding that a recent development has turned the tide.

While evidence of forced organ harvesting in China was already present in highly credible reports, including those released by the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, it was the judgment of an independent tribunal, released in 2020, that was a real game-changer, according to Olney.

Following its investigation, the China Tribunal, an independent people’s tribunal based in London, concluded that forced organ harvesting had taken place in China for years “on a significant scale,” with Falun Gong practitioners being the “principal source” of human organs.

The tribunal was chaired by Sir Geoffrey Nice QC, who previously led the prosecution of former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic for war crimes.

Independent Assessment

The China Tribunal’s decision has made “a substantial difference” in the fight against CCP’s forced organ harvesting trade, according to Susie Hughes, executive director of the International Coalition to End Transplant Abuse in China (ETAC).
“The Stop Forced Organ Harvesting Act is one of the most significant international responses to the China Tribunal’s judgment to date,” Hughes said in a statement on March 10.

The bill is also one of the most comprehensive ever introduced, Hughes noted, as it seeks to combat both global organ trafficking and the state-sanctioned trade in China.

The bill sets up a reporting mechanism in which the State Department would be responsible for assessing whether a country is designated as tier one, tier two, or tier three. Thus, the U.S. government wouldn’t rely on the views of other parties such as the World Health Organization (WHO), and this is an important feature of the bill, Hughes told The Epoch Times.

Researchers have criticized international medical bodies, including the WHO and The Transplantation Society, for parroting CCP talking points denying evidence of mass organ harvesting.
In a UK House of Lords debate on forced organ harvesting in China, for example, the country’s reliance on the WHO’s views was raised. During the debate, the UK Foreign Commonwealth Office informed the House of Lords that the WHO, who had previously advised that China’s transplant system is ethical, responded that “the evidence that it uses is based on the self-assessment made by the country that is a signatory, and in this case that is China.”

The Stop Forced Organ Harvesting Act removes this problem by ensuring the U.S. government independently evaluates the level of organ trafficking in countries of concern. Under the bill, a country would be rated tier three if it carried out a high level of forced organ harvesting or trafficking with direct or indirect support from its government.

Chinese doctors carry organs for transplant surgery in 2012. (Screenshot/
Chinese doctors carry organs for transplant surgery in 2012. (Screenshot/

Matas, who has been investigating China’s forced organ harvesting practice for more than a decade, told The Epoch Times that the U.S. bill is unique and important because it sets up a reporting mechanism.

While the bill wouldn’t restrict organ transplant tourism, he said, it would mandate an annual report on collaboration between the U.S. institutions and foreign entities involved in forced organ harvesting. This would allow the U.S. government to determine whether organ transplant surgeons in a tier-three country were trained by U.S. hospitals or universities. The bill would also prohibit the export of transplant surgery devices to entities involved in organ harvesting.

The bill could inspire more governments to take similar actions, Matas said.

More evidence of organ transplant crimes continues to emerge, even after the China Tribunal’s final judgment, which underscores the urgency of passing a measure to hold the Chinese regime accountable. Investigative reports show that the number of organs harvested from prisoners of conscience continues to rise and that organs are available on demand, with short waiting times.

ETAC warned that the current mass incarceration of Uyghurs in China’s northwestern region of Xinjiang could provide a new pool of victims. It’s estimated that up to 1.5 million Uyghurs and members of other Muslim minorities are detained in internment camps in Xinjiang.

According to human rights experts, China is the only country that’s known to conduct state-run organ harvesting, a large-scale orchestrated crime involving the country’s health institutions, judiciary system, prison system, detention camps, military, and military hospitals.

“This bill will identify and punish CCP members involved in forced organ harvesting,” Cotton said in a statement. “It’s past time to hold Beijing accountable for these heinous acts.”

Coons, a co-chairman of the Senate Human Rights Caucus, described forced organ harvesting as “inhumane, immoral, and cruel” and urged the U.S. government to do everything to “fight this despicable practice.”

Emel Akan is a senior White House correspondent for The Epoch Times, where she covers the Biden administration. Prior to this role, she covered the economic policies of the Trump administration. Previously, she worked in the financial sector as an investment banker at JPMorgan. She graduated with a master’s degree in business administration from Georgetown University.
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