Australian Manufacturing Hit by Supply Chain Disruptions

By Rebecca Zhu
Rebecca Zhu
Rebecca Zhu
Rebecca Zhu is based in Sydney. She focuses on Australian and New Zealand national affairs. Got a tip? Contact her at
January 31, 2022 Updated: January 31, 2022

Australian manufacturing activity contracted over the summer holiday period as the Omicron outbreak caused disruptions.

Australian Industry Group’s Manufacturing Index fell by 6.4 points to 48.4 during December and January, representing the challenges around staff availability and further disruptions to supply chains. A reading of below 50 points indicates a contraction of activity.

Ai Group Chief Executive Innes Willox said the fall in performance during the two-month period reversed the conditions reported in November when restrictions were eased in the south-east states.

“Cost pressures were keenly felt with input prices continuing to rise and the selling prices index indicating only a partial recovery of these costs in the market,” he said.

Three of six manufacturing sectors in the index reported positive conditions. The strongest results came from the building materials sector rising 6.5 points to 63.4, indicating a continuing boom in housing construction. In contrast, food and beverages plummeted 19.2 points down to 38.

Meanwhile, six of the seven activity indices for the performance index fell, with only sales increasing. Supplier deliveries plunged from 53.4 points in November to 37.8 points.

“December and January period was heavily influenced by the much higher level of COVID-19 infections and the jump in the number of people in isolation,” Willox said.

New orders also experience a significant fall of 8 points to 51.3 points.

“The new orders index fell steeply pointing to a reduction of confidence among businesses dealing with new implications of the COVID-19 pandemic,” Willox said.

While business confidence fell across manufacturing, consumer confidence rose 1.7 percent during the last week of January after hitting the lowest reading since October 2020.

The ANZ-Roy Morgan consumer confidence index showed it was primarily driven by a jump in confidence in New South Wales after three weeks of decline.

“This came in the same week that the Q4 (December quarter) 2021 CPI reported an upward surprise,” ANZ Head of Australia economics David Plank said.

Unexpectedly, weekly inflation expectations dropped slightly after the CPI figures were released and surpassed expectations.

The higher-than-expected inflation figures and falling unemployment rates have increased pressure on the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) to adjust its forward guidance on the interest rate outlook.

From the beginning of the pandemic to late-2021, the RBA indicated a cash rate rise would not occur until “at least 2024.”

The RBA will have its first monetary board meeting of the year on Tuesday.

The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) also released data showing that retail sales fell 4.4 percent in December, the largest monthly fall since April 2020. Department stores and clothes and footwear industries fell particularly hard, while foot retailing had a modest rise.

It follows strong consecutive results in November (7.3 percent) and October (4.9 percent), and it remains above pre-pandemic levels.

“Despite this month’s fall, retail turnover remains strong … with strong consumer spending continuing post the Delta outbreak,” ABS Director of Quarterly Economy Wide Statistics, Ben James said.

Rebecca Zhu
Rebecca Zhu is based in Sydney. She focuses on Australian and New Zealand national affairs. Got a tip? Contact her at