HAJNOWKA, Poland—NATO must take “concrete steps” to resolve the migrant crisis on the Belarus border, Poland’s prime minister was quoted as saying on Nov. 14, adding that Poland, Lithuania, and Latvia may ask for consultations under Article 4 of the alliance’s treaty.
Under Article 4, any ally can request consultations whenever, in the opinion of any of them, their territorial integrity, political independence, or security is threatened.
“It is not enough just for us to publicly express our concern—now we need concrete steps and the commitment of the entire alliance,” Mateusz Morawiecki told Polish state-run news agency PAP.
Thousands of migrants have traveled to Belarus in the hope of crossing into the European Union (EU), only to find themselves trapped on the border in freezing conditions.
The EU accuses Minsk of orchestrating the crisis to put pressure on the bloc over sanctions, which Belarus has repeatedly denied. Some countries in the region have warned the standoff could escalate into a military conflict.
Russian President Vladimir Putin, a key backer of Belarus leader Alexander Lukashenko, said that Russia was ready to help resolve the crisis, RIA news agency reported on Nov. 14, citing an interview on a state TV channel.
Morawiecki told PAP that EU leaders would discuss further sanctions against Belarus, including completely closing the border.
He added that the EU should jointly finance a border wall.
Meanwhile, Polish forces described an increasingly tense situation on the frontier, with the Border Guard saying migrants were receiving instructions and equipment from Belarusian guards and it expected another “big attempt” to break through.
Footage posted on Twitter by the Polish Interior Ministry showed what appeared to be a water cannon deployed at the border, as a recorded message warned migrants that force could be used against them if they didn’t follow orders.
The NGO Grupa Granica said in a statement it had received information about attempts by Belarus to force migrants to use violence against Polish officers.
“Due to the risk of escalation of violence we want to remind all parties that migrants are not aggressors but hostages of Lukashenko’s regime,” it wrote.
The Belarusian State Border Guard Committee spokesperson Anton Bychkovsky said the accusations were disinformation.
“It does not correspond with the reality,” he said
On Nov. 13, a group of about 50 migrants broke through defenses on the border and entered Poland near the village of Starzyna, police said on Nov. 14. The Border Guard told PAP they were all caught.
By Joanna Plucinska and Anna Wlodarczak-Semczuk