Chinese Investors Protest in Shanghai’s Financial District Over P2P Woes

August 20, 2018 Updated: August 20, 2018

SHANGHAI—Investors in Chinese online peer-to-peer (P2P) lending platform PPMiao protested at the offices of one of the company’s shareholders in Shanghai’s financial district on Aug. 20, in the latest manifestation of problems facing the industry.

At least 243 P2P companies have collapsed in China since June, precipitating the withdrawal of funds from many firms in the industry and sparking protests by investors across the country.

About 300 investors in PPMiao crammed into the lobby of Shanghai’s International Finance Center (IFC) shopping mall, which also houses the office of HuaAn Future Asset that was registered as a shareholder in PPMiao’s former operator, Hangzhou Fuqian Network Technology.

PPMiao—which, according to its website, has 4.9 billion yuan ($713 million) in funds and about 360,000 users—said in an Aug. 6 statement that it was unable to continue operating because investors were withdrawing funds and some firms it had lent money to had suspended payments.

It said it would return funds to investors over a 36-month period.

However, investors protesting at the IFC told Reuters they were worried they would not get their money back.

Many tried to enter HuaAn’s offices but police told them to leave. Protesters said they then sent representatives to speak to the firm.

One of the protesters, Cai Dandan, a 28-year-old hotel worker, told Reuters she had traveled to Shanghai from nearby Hangzhou City in the hopes of contacting HuaAn over her investment of about 450,000 yuan that she put in PPMiao.

“I was going to use the money to buy my marital home so it’s as if my home is in the (PPMiao) platform. It’s not just my money but my life,” she said.

HuaAn, whose shareholders include government-owned companies like Shanghai Electric Group and Shanghai Trust, said in a statement on Aug. 20 that it had registered as a stakeholder in Hangzhou Fuqian on behalf of a client and had never profited from the platform.

However, it added that the relationship had ended in July and HuaAn was now cooperating with Hangzhou police.

A spokesman for HuaAn told Reuters the company was communicating with investors but declined to provide further details.

PPMiao and Hangzhou Fuqian did not respond to Reuters’ requests for comment.

P2P platforms gather funds from retail investors and lend to small corporate and individual borrowers, promising high returns.

They started flourishing nearly unregulated in China in 2011. At a peak in 2015, there were about 3,500 such businesses.

By Brenda Goh & Shanghai Newsroom