LONDON—Oil prices were stable on Wednesday as the market juggled fears of tight supply with concerns over fuel demand and global economic growth, ahead of an expected big hike in interest rates by the U.S. Federal Reserve.
Brent crude futures for August were down 28 cents, or 0.2 percent, at $120.89 a barrel as of 1225 GMT, having fallen as low as $119.40/bbl earlier in the session.
U.S. West Texas Intermediate crude for July fell 42 cents, or 0.3 percent, to $118.51 a barrel, having fallen to $116.99/bbl earlier in the session.
"Oil markets are seeing uncertainty over what central banks do next and how that impacts oil demand," said UBS analyst Giovanni Staunovo.
Surging inflation has led investors and oil traders to brace for a big move by the Fed this week—a 75-basis-point increase, which would be the largest U.S. interest rate hike in 28 years.
Stronger monetary policy tightening could "pave the way for recession-induced demand destruction," PVM analyst Stephen Brennock said.
The European Central Bank said on Wednesday it would hold a rare, unscheduled meeting on Wednesday to discuss turmoil in the bond markets.
Adding to demand woes, China's latest COVID outbreak has raised fears of a new phase of lockdowns.
Higher oil prices and weakening economic forecasts are dimming futures demand prospects, the International Energy Agency said on Wednesday.
But persistent concerns about tight supply meant oil prices were still holding near $120 a barrel.
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies, known as OPEC+, are struggling to reach their monthly crude production quotas, recently hit by a political crisis that has reduced Libya's output.
"Because OPEC production is still falling noticeably short of the announced level, this would result in a supply deficit of around 1.5 million barrels per day on the oil market in the second half of the year," said Carsten Fritsch, commodity analyst at Commerzbank in Frankfurt.
U.S. Department of Energy stock data is due on Wednesday.