DUBAI—Houthi rebels in Yemen said on Nov. 19 they were halting drone and missile attacks on Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and their Yemeni allies, responding to a demand from the United Nations.
The Iranian-aligned group, which has been battling the Saudi-backed government for nearly four years, also said it was ready for a broader ceasefire if the Saudi-led coalition “wants peace.”
The Houthis’ decision to halt missile attacks could be a turning point in peace efforts as it ends a direct threat to Saudi Arabia. It is by far the biggest concession from the movement since it left the southern port city of Aden in 2015.
International pressure has mounted on Yemen’s warring parties to end the war that has killed more than 10,000 people and pushed the country to the verge of starvation.
The move from the Houthi group came after the coalition ordered a halt in its offensive against Yemen’s main port city Hodeidah, which has become the focus of the war.
“We announce our initiative … to halt missile and drone strikes on the countries of aggression,” Mohammed Ali al-Houthi, the head of the Houthis’ Supreme Revolutionary Committee, said in a statement.
The decision was based on discussions with U.N. special envoy Martin Griffiths to show “good faith” and support peace efforts, he said.
Griffiths welcomed the Houthi announcement and urged all parties to continue to show restraint “to create a conducive environment for convening the consultations.”
The envoy is trying to salvage peace talks after a round in September collapsed when the Houthis did not show up. He hopes to convene talks in Sweden before the end of the year to agree on a framework for peace under a transitional government.
Yemen’s parties have given “firm assurances” they are committed to attending peace talks, Griffiths told the U.N. Security Council on Nov. 16.
On Nov. 19, the Security Council began considering a British-drafted resolution that aims to improve the humanitarian situation. It calls for a halt to fighting in Hodeidah, a stop to attacks on populated areas across Yemen and an end to attacks on countries in the region.
The draft, seen by Reuters, also calls for an unhindered flow of commercial and humanitarian goods across the country, including lifting of any bureaucratic impediments within two weeks, a large, fast injection of foreign currency into the economy through the Central Bank of Yemen and more aid funding.
It was not immediately clear when the text could be put to a vote. To pass, a resolution needs nine votes in favor and no vetoes by the United States, Russia, China, Britain, or France.
Tired of War
Saudi Arabia’s King Salman on Nov. 19 reiterated the kingdom’s support for U.N. peace efforts. The Riyadh-backed government also announced its willingness to take part in the next round of consultations.
Yemenis cautiously welcomed the announcement on Nov. 19.
“We pray that this will be the real beginning of peace in Yemen, we are all tired of this war,” said Mona Ibrahim, a teacher in the capital Sanaa, which has been under Houthi control since September 2014.
“We just want to live like other humans,” Mohammed al-Ahdal, a resident of Hodeidah said.
The Houthi defense ministry said it would respond to any hostilities from the coalition.
Graham Griffiths, a senior analyst at Control Risks Middle East, said the announcement was potentially important as it comes in response to the coalition’s pausing of Hodeidah operations.
“Efforts to resume the peace process remain fragile … given the mutual distrust between the warring parties. Nevertheless, given the renewed pressure from the international community, there is a real chance to begin to move the conflict toward a durable de-escalation,” he said.
Houthi-run Al Masirah TV reported on Nov. 19 that Houthi forces fired a ballistic missile on Saudi-backed forces in the desert of Midi, bordering Saudi Arabia. It was not immediately clear when the attack happened.
An air strike by the Saudi-led coalition targeted the Sahar district of the northwestern city of Saada on Nov. 19, injuring several people, residents and Al Masirah TV said.
The Houthis say their missile attacks on Saudi Arabia are in retaliation for air raids by the alliance, which entered Yemen’s war in 2015 to try to restore the Saudi-backed government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi.
The coalition has carried out thousands of air strikes in the impoverished country that have hit schools, markets, and hospitals, killing hundreds of people—though it says it does not target civilians.
Western allies including the United States have called for a ceasefire ahead of the renewed U.N. efforts.
Western countries have provided arms and intelligence to the Arab states in the alliance, but have shown increasing reservations about the conflict since the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi at Riyadh’s consulate in Istanbul last month.
By Aziz El Yaakoubi