UK COVID-19 Infections Down by 30 Percent Since Early November: Study

UK COVID-19 Infections Down by 30 Percent Since Early November: Study
Registered Nurse Michelle Gibbons conducts a COVID-19 swab test on a man at Bondi Beach, in Sydney, Australia, on July 22, 2020. (Lisa Maree Williams/Getty Images)

The prevalence of COVID-19 cases in England has dropped by almost 30 percent in November, according to the latest results of a large-scale study released on Monday.

The REACT study, by Imperial College London and Ipsos MORI, analysed over 105,000 swabs tests between Nov. 13 and 24, with preliminary results showing that only 0.96 percent of the population has the virus, or 1 in 100 people, compared with 1.3 percent, or 1 in 80, at the start of November.

The study (pdf), which has yet to be peer-reviewed, also revealed that, although there was a slight increase in the East and West Midlands, overall the R rate had dropped below 1 to 0.88 percent and cases were down across the country, showing that the epidemic is shrinking and not growing.
“Our robust data offer[s] encouraging signs for England’s epidemic, where we’re seeing a fall in infections at the national level and in particular across regions that were previously worst affected,” professor Paul Elliott, director of the programme at Imperial, said in a report by Ipsos MORI.

“As we approach a challenging time of year, it’s even more vital that through our actions and behaviours we all play our part in helping to keep the virus at bay.”

The REACT study, commissioned by the Department of Health and Social Care, currently tracks COVID-19 cases across the country and randomly tests around 150,000 people each month using self-administered in-home nose or throat swab tests. During the last round of testing, 105,123 swabs were analysed and 821 were found to be positive, which gives a prevalence of 0.96 percent or 96 per 10,000 after adjustment, Imperial said.

The data from this current round of testing found that the number of infections is halving every 37 days, meaning that infected people are likely to pass on the virus to fewer than one other person.

The R rate was found to have reduced the most in the North West and North East of the country, dropping to 0.76 percent and 0.78 percent, respectively, where the number of positive tests dropped by half. The study found the worst affected area was the West Midlands, with an infection rate of 1.55 percent of the population.

The study also indicated a higher infection rate among Asians, large households, and low income areas.

“Thanks to the huge efforts of the public over the last few weeks we have been able to get the virus better under control to keep our NHS open,” Health Secretary Matt Hancock said, according to Imperial College London News.

“This latest data shows we must maintain our resolve and we cannot afford to take our foot off the pedal just yet despite the very encouraging fall in cases and advances in vaccines.”

Commenting on the findings, Mark Woolhouse, a professor of infectious disease epidemiology at the University of Edinburgh, said the survey provides invaluable data on the epidemic, including on asymptomatic cases, which he said accounted for about 40 percent of people tested in the last round.

He also noted that the report showed that the number of cases had already started to fall prior to the lockdown, apart from among teenage children.

“It is worth noting that, according to the REACT report, prevalence peaked one to two weeks before the England-wide lockdown began on Nov. 4. This suggests that the measures taken prior to lockdown did reduce the R number to around one or possibly below one, though it is likely that R has fallen further since lockdown began,” he said in a statement.