On May 12, North Korea declared a “severe emergency” after acknowledging its first official cases of COVID-19, with leader Kim Jong Un ordering a nationwide lockdown.
KCNA reported 18,000 new cases with fever symptoms and six deaths, confirming one among them was infected with the Omicron variant of the CCP virus. Of the 350,000 people who developed fevers since late April, 162,200 have reportedly recovered, while the rest are in isolation and being treated.
Although North Korea’s state media calls them “fevered persons,” it's widely speculated that the symptoms are caused by the CCP virus.
The nation was one of the first countries to close its borders in January 2020 in an effort to prevent the virus from spreading via foreign countries. However, experts have widely disputed North Korea’s claims regarding having zero COVID-19 cases for the past two years.
On May 14, KCNA reported 174,400 new cases and 21 deaths for the day before. The cases soared tenfold compared to the previous day, according to official data.
The virus outbreak in North Korea is “quite serious,” said Thae Yong-ho, a North Korean defector and South Korean National Assembly member. He indicated that North Korea’s use of “emergency medical supplies” was, in fact, “wartime medical supplies,” which indicated that the “medical supplies stored in its general medical facilities had run out.”
Thae also expressed concern about the potential for food shortage problems. He said that every year from mid-May to the end of June, all residents of North Korea, including soldiers, civil servants, and students over the age of 14, participate in rice planting work.
“[The virus outbreak] will likely destroy North Korea’s agricultural work for a year,” he said.
Lee Jae-gap, a South Korean infectious disease expert, told CBS that he predicts a high possibility of “more than 100,000 deaths” in North Korea amid its worst outbreak, and that the number of infected individuals “may surpass 1 million, or even millions.”
Lee explained that North Korea’s zero vaccination rate and poor medical systems would likely contribute to a “2 to 3 percent mortality rate for the nation and up to 10 percent [in the worst case].” Meanwhile, South Korea’s current COVID-19 death rate is about 0.1 percent.
South Korea’s new unification minister, Kwon Young-se, said during a national assembly hearing on May 12 that South Korea was willing to provide vaccines, painkillers, antipyretics, syringes, disinfectants, and other anti-epidemic medical supplies to North Korea, according to Yonhap.
A U.S. State Department spokesperson said it had no plans to send vaccines to North Korea, but supported international efforts to provide aid to vulnerable people there, urging Pyongyang to facilitate that work, Reuters reported.