WASHINGTON—Alphabet Inc.’s Waymo unit on Oct. 30 became the first company to receive a permit from the state of California to test driverless vehicles without a backup driver in the front seat, the state’s Department of Motor Vehicles said.
California said Waymo can use about three dozen test vehicles without drivers behind the wheel in Santa Clara County, part of the greater technology hub of Silicon Valley.
Although self-driving vehicles are designed to obviate the need for a driver, most testing thus far has been with a safety driver behind the wheel who can take over in case of emergency.
About 60 companies have permits in California to test self-driving cars with such a backup driver, including most major automakers and Apple Inc. New regulations adopted by the state allowing companies to test on public roads without a driver with a special permit took effect in April.
As part of winning approval, Waymo must continuously monitor the status of test vehicles and provide two-way communication with passengers, carry at least $5 million in insurance and notify local communities.
Waymo’s permit includes day and night testing on city streets, rural roads and highways with posted speed limits of up to 65 miles per hour. The company said its vehicles can safely handle fog and light rain, and testing in those conditions is allowed.
“California has been working toward this milestone for several years, and we will continue to keep the public’s safety in mind as this technology evolves,” said Jean Shiomoto, California’s Department of Motor Vehicles director, in a statement.
Waymo said it will begin driverless testing on city streets in Silicon Valley and expand to other areas after it notifies local communities. The company will first use Waymo employees in tests and eventually “create opportunities for members of the public to experience this technology, as we’ve done in Arizona with our early rider program.”
In Arizona, Waymo has been conducting some testing of vehicles without backup drivers and has said it plans to launch a commercial self-driving ride-hailing service in the state by the end of 2018.
The new requirements call for remote control technology, which allows for a remote operator to take control of a vehicle if the underlying autonomous system inside the car encounters problems. Companies like Waymo, Nissan Motor Co., and startups Zoox, Phantom Auto, and Starsky Robotics have been working on such technology.
By David Shepardson & Alexandria Sage