US Import Prices Accelerate in March on Petroleum

By Reuters
April 16, 2022 Updated: April 18, 2022

WASHINGTON—U.S. import prices accelerated by the most in 11 years in March as the crisis in Eastern Europe lifted commodity prices.

Import prices jumped 2.6 percent last month, the largest rise since April 2011, after increasing 1.6 percent in February, the Labor Department said on Thursday. In the 12 months through March, prices raced 12.5 percent, the largest gain since September 2011, after advancing 11.3 percent in February. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast import prices, which exclude tariffs, increasing 2.3 percent.

The Russia-Ukraine war has driven up prices of oil and other commodities, like wheat and sunflower oil.

Government data this week showed monthly consumer prices increasing by the most in 16.5 years in March, while producer prices notched their largest gain since December 2009. The Federal Reserve in March raised its policy interest rate by 25 basis points and has signaled bigger rate hikes down the road.

Imported fuel prices jumped 14.6 percent last month after rising 10.0 percent in February. Petroleum prices shot up 16.1 percent, while the cost of imported food edged up 0.1 percent.

Excluding fuel and food, import prices accelerated 1.2 percent. These so-called core import prices increased 0.7 percent in February. They jumped 7.1 percent on a year-on-year basis in March.

The report also showed export prices soared 4.5 percent in March, the largest since the monthly series started in January 1989, after advancing 3.0 percent in February.

Prices for agricultural exports surged 4.7 percent. Nonagricultural export prices vaulted 4.5 percent. Export prices jumped 18.8 percent year-on-year in March. That was the largest increase on record and followed a 16.5 percent increase in February.