Czech Government Declares State of Emergency

October 1, 2020 Updated: October 1, 2020

PRAGUE—The Czech government has declared a state of emergency because of a record surge of coronavirus infections.

The Czech Republic has reported a total of 67,843 cases, with more than 43,000 testing positive in September. There have been 636 confirmed deaths.

The surge is a turnaround from the first wave when the Czech government was among the most stringent with lockdowns that kept case numbers low but pushed the economy into a record contraction. It wants to avoid those measures now.

The state of emergency giving more powers starts on Oct. 5 and should last 30 days, the government said.

Health Minister Roman Prymula, an epidemiologist and army colonel who spearheaded the earlier pandemic measures and joined the cabinet this month after his predecessor quit amid the surge, immediately announced tighter measures to last for two weeks.

An election committee member wearing a protective suit
An election committee member wearing a protective suit, waits for voters to arrive for regional and senate elections at a drive-in polling station in Prague, Czech Republic, on Sept. 30, 2020. (Petr David Josek/AP Photo)

“We need to snip the chain of infections to get to levels significantly below the current ones and then relax and remain in some holding pattern until a vaccine comes,” Prymula told a news conference.

COVID-19 cases have jumped more this month than in all previous months of the pandemic combined. Health officials reported 1,965 new coronavirus cases on Tuesday.

Its total tally since March is 67,843 cases, up from around 25,000 at the start of September. Hospitalizations have soared to 976 people, Prymula said, up from 172 a month ago. Deaths have increased in September to 636.

The state will limit indoor gatherings to 10 people and outdoor ones to 20. Sports matches will continue but without spectators. Theaters and cinemas can operate, but concerts, musicals, and operas will be banned, all deemed riskier events due to the aerosol particles spread when singing.

In addition, secondary schools in higher risk regions will shift to distance learning on Monday, joining universities that have mostly gone online.

The government wants to cut the R number, showing how many people are likely to get infected by one person, below the neutral 1, from around 1.2 now. It reached 1.6 this month.

It wants to avoid strain on hospitals, which it says have enough beds at the moment but further increases would require reorganization of care and postponing non-urgent procedures.

Infections among medical staff have also jumped six-fold among doctors, of which 394 are currently ill, and by sevenfold among nurses, according to the Medical Chamber.

The new measures will not limit a regional government and upper house election planned on Friday for Saturday. On Wednesday, those in quarantine were allowed to vote at special drive-in polling stations.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.