Senators grilled the CEOs of Twitter, Facebook, and Google over alleged anti-conservative biases on their platforms during a hearing on their moderation practices. It comes amid a cloud of growing bipartisan antitrust scrutiny
and concerns over the censorship of a New York Post report.
The Oct. 28 Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation hearing
, titled "Does Section 230’s Sweeping Immunity Enable Big Tech Bad Behavior?" quickly turned into a battle of opposing arguments.
Democrats asserted that the hearing was organized for political reasons, pointing to the timing of the election less than a week away, with some such as Sen. Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii) calling the session
"bullying" and "nonsense." Republicans, meanwhile, accused the companies themselves of interfering in the election.
In opening statements, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey, Alphabet Inc. [Google's parent company] CEO Sundar Pichai, and Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg sought to make the argument
that stripping Section 230 media law protections would stifle free speech, and called for alternative regulatory solutions.
They largely agreed that more transparency over their content moderation practices is needed.
At one point, Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) asked Dorsey about Twitter's censorship of the New York Post's Oct. 14 reporting on Hunter Biden.
“Mr. Dorsey, who the hell elected you and put you in charge of what the media are allowed to report and what the American people are allowed to hear?" he said.
"We are not doing that," Dorsey replied. "This is why I opened this hearing for calls for more transparency. ... We hear the concerns."
Dorsey conceded that the blocking of the Post's URL on Twitter was wrong.
"We recognized an error in policy, we changed it in 24 hours," he said, noting that anyone can share the link to the article now.
The Post's Twitter account could be unlocked if it deletes its original tweet, Dorsey said, adding that the newspaper would then be allowed to repost and share the link freely. In a follow-up after his questioning, Cruz claimed that he tried to share
the Post's story on Twitter but couldn't.
The crux of the issue is Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act.
Publishers can be held liable for any content they post, while social media platforms are protected by Section 230, which states that “no provider or user of an interactive computer service shall be treated as the publisher or speaker of any information provided by another information content provider.”
Critics say these companies, which claim to be platforms
, aren’t only maintaining a public forum but are also moderating the content, effectively making them publishers.
Cruz told The Epoch Times last week
that Big Tech CEOs "are acting as Democrats’ willing henchmen, and they have more power than William Randolph Hearst, at the height of yellow journalism, could have only imagined."
During the hearing, all three CEOs (who testified virtually) agreed the companies should be held liable if the platforms act as publishers.
Committee Chairman Roger Wicker (R-Miss.) said in his opening statement
that he's concerned these platforms have "become powerful arbiters of what is true and what content users can access." He rejected the notion that any criticism was due to partisan politics.
"Although some of my colleagues on the other side of the aisle have characterized this as a purely partisan exercise, there is strong bipartisan support for reviewing Section 230," Wicker said. "In fact, both presidential candidates, Trump and Biden, have proposed repealing Section 230 in its entirety—a position I have not yet embraced."
Wicker, like other Republican senators during the hearing, brought up the censorship of the New York Post article on Hunter Biden. He criticized what he called a double standard, pointing out that a New York Times story on the president's illegally leaked tax returns wasn't censored, and the now-discredited Steele dossier was widely shared without fact-checking or disclaimers.
"This apparent double standard would be appalling under normal circumstances," he said. "But the fact that selective censorship is occurring in the midst of the 2020 election cycle dramatically amplifies the power wielded by Facebook and Twitter."
It’s not just politicians who worry about censorship on social media platforms. Roughly three-quarters of U.S. adults say it is “very likely” or “somewhat likely” that social media sites “intentionally censor political viewpoints that they find objectionable,” according to an August survey
by the Pew Research Center.
While people across the political spectrum believe censorship is taking place, the belief is particularly strong among Republicans, the center said.
During the hearing, Zuckerberg went further than some of the other CEOs over what to do about Section 230. He acknowledged at one point that Congress “should update the law to make sure it’s working as intended.”
Dorsey and Pichai however warned that any changes could have major ramifications.
“Undermining Section 230 will result in far more removal of online speech and impose severe limitations on our collective ability to address harmful content and protect people online,” Dorsey said.
Conservatives have long accused Big Tech of censoring political speech, particularly that of those on the right. Democrats and Big Tech have repeatedly denied
that such suppression exists.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Chairman Ajit Pai has said that his agency will move forward with President Donald Trump’s petition to clarify the meaning
of the law.
In an Oct. 15 statement, Pai said the “FCC has the legal authority to interpret Section 230,” adding that “members of all three branches of the federal government have expressed serious concerns” about the interpretation of Section 230.
Trump has also floated the idea of completely repealing Section 230 protections.
"If Big Tech persists, in coordination with the mainstream media, we must immediately strip them of their Section 230 protections," he said in an Oct. 15 Twitter post
. "When government granted these protections, they created a monster!"
Reuters contributed to this report