Syria Says Russian Weapons Arrived: Arms Race in Middle East?

May 30, 2013 Updated: May 30, 2013

Only days after the European Union lifted sanctions allowing member states to send weapons to Syrian rebels, the Syrian regime has announced it received weapons from Russia.

Russia says the weapons support Syria’s right to defend itself and follow through on a deal made long ago. Some fear the new flow of weapons to both sides of the civil conflict could be the start of an arms race in the Middle East.

Syrian President Bashar Assad announced the arrival of advanced S-300 air defense missiles from Russia through the country’s Hezbollah-owned television station, Al-Manar, Thursday morning. The president’s comments were released in print through the station’s breaking news service, to be aired later Thursday on television.

As Russia discusses collaboration with a Western coalition to promote stability in Syria, Russia’s Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov announced Tuesday that Russia would nonetheless make good on its billion-dollar weapons deal with Syria.

“We think this delivery is a stabilizing factor, and that such steps in many ways restrain some hotheads from exploring scenarios in which this conflict could be given an international character with participation of outside forces,” Ryabkov said, according to the World Tribune.

Al-Manar quotes Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov on May 11: “Russia is not planning to sell—Russia has sold and signed contracts a long time ago, and is completing supplies of the equipment—which is anti-aircraft systems, according to the already signed contracts.”

The S-300 missiles have a range of about 125 miles, a worry to Israel.

Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon said on May 28, “If, by some misfortune, they [S-300 missiles] arrive in Syria, we will know what to do,” according to the World Tribune

Another obstacle to peace talks in Syria: the Western-backed Syrian opposition announced Thursday it would not participate in planned peace talks with the regime in Geneva, Switzerland, in June.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.