LONDON—Finance minister Rishi Sunak says he won’t rush to fix the United Kingdom’s public finances as he readies a budget plan that will pile more borrowing on top of almost 300 billion pounds ($418 billion) of COVID-19 spending and tax cuts.
Sunak, who is due to deliver his budget to parliament on March 3, promised to help the UK economy through a gradual lifting of lockdown measures that will last at least until late June. But he also said he would “level with people” about how Britain’s 2.1 trillion-pound debt pile would continue to grow without action.
“This is not something that’s going to happen overnight. Given the scale of the shock we’ve experienced, the scale of the damage, this is going to take time to fix,” Sunak told Sky News on Feb. 28.
“But it’s important … to also have strong public finances over time.”
Sunak declined to comment on specific tax moves—including a widely reported plan to raise corporation tax—ahead of his budget speech.
He also wouldn’t say if he would stick to his Conservative Party’s promises made in 2019—before the pandemic—not to raise the rates of income tax, value-added tax, or national insurance contributions, the biggest sources of tax revenue.
Britain has suffered the biggest COVID-19 death toll in Europe and the heaviest economic shock among big rich countries, according to the headline measures of official data.
In response, Sunak has racked up the country’s biggest peacetime budget deficit to protect jobs and help businesses, and to increase funding for health and other services.
“We went big, we went early, and there’s more to come and people should feel reassured by that,” Sunak told BBC television.
Businesses such as shops, bars, clubs, hotels, restaurants, gyms, and hair salons will be offered £5 billion ($7 billion) of additional grants, the government said on Saturday.
Borrowing Costs Edge Up
But Sunak also raised the prospect of a fiscal reckoning to prepare the UK for future economic shocks and he noted a recent rise in the cost of borrowing from record lows as debt markets worldwide price in more inflation from the global stimulus push.
“Interest rates have been at very low levels, which does allow us to afford slightly higher debt levels,” he said.
“But that can always change and we’re seeing that in the last few weeks,” he said. “We have to be acute to that possibility.”
The opposition Labour Party said Sunak was already putting pressure on local authorities to increase taxes.
“We are an outlier both in terms of having had the worst economic crisis of any major economy but now also in having a government that seems to be focused on increasing tax right now on families, when other countries have focused on securing the recovery,” its finance spokeswoman Anneliese Dodds said.
By William Schomberg & David Milliken