STOCKHOLM—Scandinavian airline SAS has filed for bankruptcy protection in the United States to help accelerate restructuring plans, it said on Tuesday, warning strike action by pilots had impacted its financial position and liquidity.
Wage talks between SAS and its pilots collapsed on Monday, triggering a strike that adds to travel chaos across Europe as the peak summer vacation period begins.
That accelerated the airline’s decision to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the United States, the airline’s Chief Executive Anko van der Werff said.
“We are confident that this process will enable us to become a stronger and even better airline for our customers, and a much healthier business partner in the years to come,” he told a news conference.
Due to the strike, he said, “the date has been brought forward, because the company now needs to be prepared against further liquidity loss.”
The work stoppage could cost SAS nearly 100 million Swedish crowns ($10 million) per day, a Sydbank analyst calculated, potentially erasing up to half of the airline’s cash flow in the initial four to five weeks alone in a worst-case scenario.
The company said in a statement it would continue to serve its customers throughout the bankruptcy process, although the pilot strike is grounding roughly half the airline’s flights, affecting some 30,000 passengers per day.
Data from flight tracking website FlightAware showed 232 SAS flights—77 percent of those scheduled— had been canceled on Tuesday, while Oslo’s Gardermoen airport, one of SAS’ hubs, had the world’s highest cancellation rate on the day.
SAS, whose biggest owners are the Swedish and the Danish states, said the purpose of the filing with a U.S. federal court was to accelerate a restructuring plan announced in February.
“Through this process, SAS aims to reach agreements with key stakeholders, restructure the company’s debt obligations, reconfigure its aircraft fleet, and emerge with a significant capital injection,” SAS said in a statement.
It expects to complete the Chapter 11 process in nine to 12 months, it added. SAS shares, which can be traded as normal during the bankruptcy protection proceedings, were down 9.4 percent at 0832 GMT.
During the pandemic, other non–U.S. airlines including Avianca, Aeromexico, and Philippine Airlines have used the Chapter 11 process to renegotiate contracts with key suppliers like aircraft lessors while continuing to operate.
Rival Norwegian Air emerged from bankruptcy protection involving courts in Dublin and Oslo last year.
“It doesn’t mean anything for the normal operations. They are trying to repair the motor while driving,” Sydbank analyst Jacob Pedersen told Reuters of the SAS filing.
“This is happening because SAS hasn’t been able to accomplish the changes through negotiations.”
SAS needs to attract new investors and has said that in order to do that it must slash costs across the company, including for staff and for leased planes that stand idle because of closed Russian airspace and a slow recovery in Asia.
The airline said on Tuesday its assessment was that its cash balance of 7.8 billion Swedish crowns was sufficient to meet its business obligations in the near term.
It said discussions with lenders regarding another $700 million of financing to support its operations during the restructuring were “well advanced.”
It added however that the strike “has a negative impact on the liquidity and financial position of the company and, if prolonged, such impact could become material.”
Sweden’s government has said no to injecting more cash into the carrier, while Copenhagen has said it may do so on the condition SAS is able to attract new investors.
Danish Finance Minister Nicolai Wammen said he had noted SAS’ decision to file for bankruptcy protection, but did not elaborate further.
Nordnet analyst Per Hansen said the application showed SAS needs a fresh start and that it thinks the strike will drag on.
“Chapter 11 protection comes early,” he said. “Management and the board want to make it absolutely clear for all stakeholders that the situation is very serious.”
($1 = 10.3216 Swedish crowns)
By Anna Ringstrom and Stine Jacobsen