AMMAN—More than 800,000 Syrians, mostly women and children, have fled their homes during a Syrian military campaign backed by Russia to clear Syrian rebels in northwest Syria since Dec. 1, a senior U.N. spokesperson said on Thursday.
The exodus is expected to continue, with thousands of people on the move as whole towns and communities flee to the safety of areas near the Turkish border, David Swanson told Reuters.
“Tragically, the number of people displaced—the vast majority of them women and children—has now surpassed 800,000,” Swanson said.
The Assad regime’s artillery and Russian jets have pounded towns and villages since early December in a renewed assault backed by Russia and pro-Iranian militias aimed at clearing Syrian opposition forces.
“Residents are fleeing by the thousands in open trucks or by foot; often at night to escape detection despite the bitter cold temperatures,” Swanson, the U.N. regional spokesman for Syria, told Reuters.
U.N. officials say the region is on the brink of a humanitarian catastrophe. Those on the run in Idlib and adjoining Aleppo province are joining close to 400,000 people who fled earlier bouts of fighting to the safety of camps near the Turkish border.
The latest offensive has brought the military campaign closer to heavily populated northern Idlib along the border, where nearly 3 million people are trapped, according to the United Nations.
Families fleeing air strikes and advancing troops in Idlib province are sleeping rough in streets and olive groves, and burning toxic bundles of rubbish to stay warm in the biting winter weather, aid workers say.
The confrontations between Ankara and Damascus continue the nine-year-old war in which Russia and Iran have backed Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
By Suleiman Al-Khalidi