Beijing Just Doesn’t Get Irony

The CCP decides to rebuild confidence among private businesses by building a special planning bureaucracy.
Beijing Just Doesn’t Get Irony
Two women wait below a giant screen showing news footage of Chinese leader Xi Jinping speaking virtually to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization meeting, which was being held in India, at a shopping mall in Beijing on July 4, 2023. (Greg Baker/AFP via Getty Images)
Milton Ezrati

If it weren’t actually happening, it would make a good joke. But it is happening. After its heavy-handed direction destroyed confidence among private businesses and sapped the growth momentum of the economy, Beijing has decided to fix the problem with a new government body to coordinate across government agencies and set priorities for businesses.

A convincing promise not to interfere would do better, but clearly, the regime is incapable of seeing such a need, much less acting on it.

China faces huge economic problems. Exports—still the primary engine of growth—are in decline, falling by almost 7 percent between March and August, the most recent month for which data are available. Europe, China’s biggest customer, is in recession or near it and making fewer purchases than previously. Meanwhile, the U.S. economy has so far avoided recession, but its pace of growth has fallen off markedly from what it was late in 2022 and earlier this year.

This economic reality, plus ongoing tensions between Beijing and Washington, have kept down U.S. purchases of Chinese products as well as investment flows into China. A rise in trade with Russia can’t even begin to offset this kind of weakness. At the same time, residential real estate is in free fall. While it once dominated some 30 percent of China’s economy, most developers have fallen bankrupt, and housing prices are declining, eroding millions of Chinese people’s wealth.

If that isn’t enough, the economy suffers from the legacy of years of lockdowns and quarantines imposed by Beijing’s zero-COVID policy. Beijing lifted these misguided policies earlier this year and enjoyed a brief surge in consumer spending. However, the growth was short-lived, largely restricted to the wealthiest citizens.

The average Chinese person came away from those times of severe restrictions unsure whether he or she could even count on a regular paycheck. Especially because residential real estate is the major portion of household wealth, most Chinese people are reluctant to expand their consumer spending at anywhere near the pace Beijing needs to sustain overall growth rates.

Private businesses in China have suffered in much the same way as households have from zero-COVID measures. That alone would be enough to kill confidence, restrain investing, and stifle any impulse to expand, but there’s more.

For some time leading up to the pandemic and during it, Chinese leader Xi Jinping and his colleagues in Beijing showed hostility to private businesses, criticizing them for following profits instead of the agenda set by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Mr. Xi even threatened businesses, saying that China had finally reached a level of development at which it could return to its Marxist roots. As part of this stance, Beijing denied financing to Jack Ma’s retail empire, and effectively destroyed what had been a fast-growing private tutoring sector.

Jack Ma, executive chairman of Alibaba Group, speaks at the Bloomberg Global Business Forum in New York City on Sept. 20. 2017. (John Moore/Getty Images)
Jack Ma, executive chairman of Alibaba Group, speaks at the Bloomberg Global Business Forum in New York City on Sept. 20. 2017. (John Moore/Getty Images)

It’s then little wonder that private businesses have held back. As Beijing has pushed forward with its classic use of infrastructure spending to support economic growth and the nation’s large, state-owned enterprises have increased their investment spending, private firms—large and small—have actually pulled back, cutting their capital investment outlays by 0.2 percent over the first half of the year and making even bigger cuts in July so that the first seven months of the year recorded a 0.5 percent decline.

The CCP, in response, has changed its tune. While not too long ago, Mr. Xi denigrated private business leaders, he’s more recently referred to them as the party’s “own people.” But as the accelerating decline in private investment spending shows, the rhetorical change isn’t working, at least not yet. So Beijing has decided on more substantive efforts to get private businesses to extend themselves. This is where the humor comes into the narrative.

Instead of encouraging private businesses to pursue profits and reassuring them that Beijing won’t interfere, the CCP has established a new government bureau to get private businesses moving. The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), China’s planning agency, says that the new entity will direct the efforts of private Chinese businesses and monitor private businesses to track their cooperation and compliance.

This is more of what undermined confidence in the first place. Beijing seems unable to get out of its own way.

It isn’t apparent that the new bureau, even in the unlikely event that it has great insight, will have much power to help private businesses either within the larger planning bureau or the regime’s vast bureaucracy generally. According to Zhang Shixin, senior planner at the NDRC, the new bureau won’t even have a vice-ministerial rank.

Clearly, Beijing is too involved in its Marxist ideology to see that adding another bureau and another layer of government direction isn’t likely to inspire an enthusiastic response from private businesses. After all, its planning and heavy-handed government direction destroyed confidence in the first place.

This latest effort is likely to fail. It is, in a way, reminiscent of another joke about misplaced top-down efforts. It goes something like this: The beatings will continue until morale improves.

Views expressed in this article are opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Epoch Times.
Milton Ezrati is a contributing editor at The National Interest, an affiliate of the Center for the Study of Human Capital at the University at Buffalo (SUNY), and chief economist for Vested, a New York-based communications firm. Before joining Vested, he served as chief market strategist and economist for Lord, Abbett & Co. He also writes frequently for City Journal and blogs regularly for Forbes. His latest book is "Thirty Tomorrows: The Next Three Decades of Globalization, Demographics, and How We Will Live."
Related Topics