OPEC Remains Steady on Demand for Oil in 2022

By Bryan Jung
Bryan Jung
Bryan Jung
Bryan S. Jung is a native and resident of New York City with a background in politics and the legal industry. He graduated from Binghamton University.
December 13, 2021 Updated: December 15, 2021

OPEC said it believes that the Omicron variant will not have as much of an impact as widely feared on Dec. 13, raising its forecast for global oil demand for the first quarter of 2022.

“The impact of the new Omicron variant is expected to be mild and short-lived, as the world becomes better equipped to manage COVID-19 and its related challenges,” OPEC said its December monthly report.

Oil prices sharply dropped in late November through early December as the new variant emerged, with global crude prices ending November with their largest percentage declines since March 2020.

The price dropped suddenly by 10 percent on Nov. 26 after Thanksgiving, when reports of the new variant emerged and traders feared a renewed hit to demand.

OPEC and its allies decided on Dec. 2 to stick to their planned production increase of 400,000 bpd for January 2022, with the decision appearing to have been an accurate forecast as global prices stabilize.

The petroleum export organization said that earlier predictions of a recovery in consumption at the end 2021 will be shifted into early next year.

“Some of the recovery previously expected in the fourth quarter of 2021 has been shifted to the first quarter of 2022, followed by a more steady recovery throughout the second half of 2022,” it said.

OPEC still expects demand growth of 5.7 million barrels a day this year, reflecting a rise in demand in the first half of 2021 that was offset in the second half of the year due to CCP (Chinese Communist Party) virus variants, weaker industrial production in China, and lower transportation fuel consumption in India.

For 2022, the OPEC forecast for demand growth remains at 4.2 million barrels a day.

OPEC said it expects world oil demand to average 99.13 million barrels per day (bpd) in the first quarter of 2022, up 1.11 million bpd from its forecast last month.

The organization remains upbeat as oil prices have recovered from the dip when Omicron emerged last month, but the World Health Organization says the variant still poses a “very high” global risk.

For the first time since 2019, world consumption is expected to surpass the 100 million bpd mark in the third quarter of 2022.

Brent crude oil was last down 0.7 percent at $74.63 a barrel, up from a dip below $66 on Dec. 2, having pared some of its late November losses to rise almost 9 percent in December.

U.S. crude futures were down 0.7 percent at $71.17 a barrel, having rallied 8 percent this month.

Apart from fears generated by the pandemic, supply-chain issues and rising inflation in some of the world’s largest economies present challenges to the oil market.

The United States in particular has felt the inflationary effects of higher oil prices, with the Biden Administration making demands on OPEC to increase production.

The OPEC report said that inflation could spark central bank action from major economies, and that the prospect of a reduction in monetary stimulus “could potentially lead to additional challenges for highly indebted emerging economies, with foreign-currency debt.”

Under the Trump Administration, OPEC lost some control of the oil market for a few years due to U.S. producers pumping out shale oil. But since then, U.S. producers have curbed their oil output.

Traders are watching for signs of a big rebound in U.S. shale supply as higher prices prompt more investment, which could prove a headwind to OPEC’s efforts to support the market.

The United States is expected to increase production next year, but not enough to affect the market, the report says.

U.S. producers will likely add 0.65 million bpd of crude in 2022 on average, with 12.8 million bpd by year’s end, still below the high of 13 million bpd before the pandemic.

OPEC said it expects that the world will need 28.8 million bpd from its members in 2022, up 200,000 bpd from last month, which ended at 27.72 million bpd.

Bryan Jung
Bryan S. Jung is a native and resident of New York City with a background in politics and the legal industry. He graduated from Binghamton University.