Oil Gains on Continued OPEC+ Cuts and US Stocks Draw

February 4, 2021 Updated: February 4, 2021

LONDON—Oil prices extended gains on Feb. 4 after the OPEC+ alliance of producers stuck to its reduced output policy and U.S. crude stocks fell, with optimism over a new U.S. pandemic relief bill adding further price support.

Brent crude futures gained 24 cents, or 0.41 percent, to $58.70 a barrel by 1346 GMT, having earlier hit their highest level since Feb. 21 last year at $59.04.

U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures climbed 32 cents, or 0.57 percent, to $56.01 after reaching its highest settlement level in a year on Feb. 3 at $55.69.

“Supporting factors outweigh negative developments at the moment,” said PVM Oil Associates analyst Tamas Varga, citing high compliance with OPEC+ production cuts and its declared target to accelerate stock depletion.

“The extra 1 million barrel per day (bpd) Saudi cuts that started this month imply further stock draws until at least the end of the first quarter,” Varga added.

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and allies, a group known as OPEC+, extended its oil supply pact at existing levels on Feb. 3, suggesting that producers are happy the cuts are draining inventories while uncertainty remains over the outlook for a recovery in demand as the COVID-19 pandemic lingers.

A document seen by Reuters on Feb. 2 showed that OPEC expects output cuts to keep the market in deficit throughout 2021, even though the group reduced its demand forecast.

The market was further bolstered by news that Democrats in the U.S. Congress took the first steps toward advancing President Joe Biden’s proposed $1.9 trillion coronavirus aid plan.

The number of Americans filing new applications for unemployment benefits decreased last week, suggesting that the jobs market was stabilizing as authorities start to loosen pandemic-related restrictions on businesses.

Also supporting prices, U.S. crude oil stockpiles fell by 994,000 barrels last week to 475.7 million barrels, the lowest level since March, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said on Feb. 3. Analysts in a Reuters poll had forecast a rise of 446,000 barrels.

“Refineries are back in business, which is supportive for crude,” said Phil Flynn, senior analyst at The Price Futures Group in Chicago.