WELLINGTON—New Zealand’s economy grew at a much faster pace than expected in the second quarter, officials said on Thursday, reinforcing views that the central bank will start raising interest rates despite a recent outbreak of the COVID-19.
Gross domestic product (GDP) surged 2.8 percent in the three months through June, Statistics New Zealand said, well ahead of a Reuters poll forecast of a 1.3 percent increase and the Reserve Bank of New Zealand’s (RBNZ) estimate of 0.7 percent.
The growth surge follows a drop in unemployment in the second quarter to an 18-month low of 4.0 percent, and a rise in annual inflation to 3.3 percent, above the central bank’s 1-3 percent target range.
The New Zealand dollar jumped 0.3 percent after the data was released, settling at $0.7320.
“We expect the RBNZ to ‘look through’ near-term volatility, and reduce monetary stimulus, with a series of 25 basis point (rate) hikes starting from next month,” said Mark Smith, Senior Economist at ASB Bank.
The central bank delayed raising rates last month after the country was put into a snap COVID-19 lockdown over an outbreak of the Delta variant of COVID-19 in Auckland, but said a hike was still on the cards.
The market has already priced in a 100 percent chance of a 25 basis point hike at the next central bank meeting on Oct 6.
Annual GDP jumped 17.4 percent from a very weak base as the country was in a complete COVID-19 lockdown in the second quarter last year. A Reuters poll had expected a 16.3 percent rise.
Second-quarter growth was driven by the tourism sector, after the country opened a trans-Tasman travel bubble with Australia.
New Zealand has rebounded strongly from a recession last year, largely due to its success in eliminating COVID-19 within its borders, and reopening its domestic economy well before other advanced nations.
The country had been virus-free for months until an outbreak of the highly infectious Delta strain in August. The biggest city Auckland remains in lockdown, but the rest of the country has opened up again. The travel bubble with Australia, however, has been suspended.
Economists expect growth to contract in the third quarter due to the Delta-driven lockdown, but forecast a rapid recovery as vaccinations increase, and the outbreak is contained.
“Given that the economy was running hot going into the lockdown in August, the prospect of another V-shaped rebound becomes more likely,” said Michael Gordon, Acting Chief Economist at Westpac Bank.
The country recorded 13 new cases of COVID-19 on Thursday, taking the total number of cases in the latest outbreak to 979.
By Praveen Menon