Maduro Threatens to Jail Venezuela’s Opposition Leader as Global Pressure Mounts

By Bowen Xiao
Bowen Xiao
Bowen Xiao
Bowen Xiao is a New York-based reporter at The Epoch Times. He covers national security, human trafficking and U.S. politics.
February 5, 2019 Updated: February 7, 2019

Venezuela’s embattled dictator Nicolás Maduro hinted that the country’s young opposition leader Juan Guaidó could soon be sent to prison for his presidency challenge, as nine major European nations recently joined the United States in recognizing Guaidó as the interim president.

Speaking to his supporters on the evening of Feb. 4, Maduro questioned how long Guaidó could serve his “virtual term.” Maduro first gained power of the oil-rich nation in 2013 and was inaugurated to a second term in January which has been widely dubbed as illegitimate.

“Until 2025, too?” Maduro told supporters, The Guardian reported, referring to if Guaidó followed his current 6-year term. “Or until he ends up in jail by order of the supreme court of justice?”

In 2017, Maduro forced Venezuela’s’s legitimate Supreme Court into exile. The banished chairman of the court, Justice Miguel Angel Martin, previously told The Epoch Times that Maduro is a “former president” and has called on the Venezuelan military to detain him.

But Guaidó still remains a free man since he first proclaimed himself acting president on Jan. 23. Maduro is likely afraid to take physical action against his opposition for fear that the United States—which has been a key supporter of Guaidó—would severely punish him in retaliation.

Epoch Times Photo
People protest during a rally against the government of Nicolás Maduro in the streets of Caracas, Venezuela, on Feb. 2, 2019. (Marco Bello/Getty Images)

On Feb. 4, Maduro also turned his criticisms to the United States. He called President Donald Trump an arrogant racist and “the embodiment of capitalism itself” as European nations led by Britain, Germany, France, and Spain recognized Guaidó as president after an eight-day deadline for Maduro to call a new election expired.

A day before that, Maduro said Trump was acting as if he was the “head of the Ku Klux Klan” in an appeal to Pope Francis for an upcoming “peace conference” led by Mexico and others on Feb. 7.

Venezuela’s government, in another statement, said it “expresses its most energetic rejection of the decision” by the European nations.

Russia and China, the main backers of Maduro, have invested billions of dollars in Venezuela through investments and loans. Although most Latin American countries back the opposition leader, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Bolivia, and Cuba have all pledged their support for Maduro.

The dictator’s socialist policies have caused an economic crisis that has prompted millions of Venezuelans to flee the nation and has elicited mass protests in the streets calling for him to step down.

Next Step

Maduro on Jan. 30 said he was ready to negotiate with Guaidó, who has continued to ramp up local and international pressure against his presidency. A day before, he had blocked Guaidó from leaving the country and is investigating him for alleged anti-government activities.

His calls were backed by Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov who said on Feb. 5 that Venezuela’s mounting political crisis could only be solved if the two have a dialogue.

“We continue to believe that the only way to exit this crisis is by sitting the government and opposition down at the negotiating table,” Lavrov was cited as saying by the RIA news agency. “Otherwise it will simply be the same regime change that the West had done many times.”

But a top Venezuelan diplomat said Guaidó does not plan to talk with Maduro.

Epoch Times Photo
Venezuela’s Central University (UCV) professor Juan Carlos Apitz (C) reads an amnesty proposal of opposition leader and self-proclaimed “acting president” Juan Guaido to members of the Bolivarian National Police (PNB), in Caracas. (Luis Robayo/AFP/Getty Images)

Carlos Vecchio, who was appointed by Guaidó as the representative of the government of Venezuela to the United States, said at a discussion hosted by the Atlantic Council that they want to have an “orderly transition” of government.

“We don’t want more conflict,” Vecchio said. “We are not willing to participate in any dialogue of the type that Maduro is interested in. The only thing we will accept is our agenda on how … we negotiate his exit. And that’s where the pressure has to be brought to bear.”

Despite the mounting pressure, Maduro still has the support of the Venezuelan armed forces, even as Guaidó is offering amnesty to soldiers who join his side. On Jan. 26, Col. Jose Luis Silva, Venezuela’s defense attache to Washington and a key military official, said he broke with Maduro’s regime. Gen. Francisco Yanez, a high-ranking Venezuelan air force general also disavowed Maduro and recognized Guaidó.

Trump and White House national security adviser John Bolton have previously said “all options” are on the table if Maduro decides to use military force in the current standoff. When asked whether the “all options” remarks included military action, Bolton told reporters in Venezuela on Jan. 24, “I think that speaks for itself.”

Meanwhile, the United States is reportedly sending food and medical supplies to Colombia’s border with Venezuela where it will be held until it can be properly delivered into the struggling nation.

Bowen Xiao
Bowen Xiao
Bowen Xiao is a New York-based reporter at The Epoch Times. He covers national security, human trafficking and U.S. politics.