WASHINGTON, on Oct. 18—The International Monetary Fund and Ukraine announced an agreement on Monday that could pave the way for Kyiv to receive a $700 million disbursement and secure an extension to its $5 billion loan program through to June.
Ukraine had secured a stand–by loan deal last year as the country, one of Europe’s poorest, tumbled into recession due to the coronavirus pandemic. But loan disbursal stalled over concerns about reforms and the independence of the central bank.
The latest agreement is a boost for President Volodymyr Zelenskiy’s government, which has repeatedly pushed back its estimates of when new International Monetary Fund loans might become available and faced criticism over perceived backsliding on reforms.
The International Monetary Fund said the completion of the first review of the $5 billion arrangement, now slated to expire in December, would enable disbursements of about $700 million to the country.
Zelenskiy said he expected the International Monetary Fund executive board to approve the agreement in November.
“This will allow Ukraine to receive about $700 million and once again confirm our close cooperation,” Zelenskiy wrote on Twitter.
International Monetary Fund staff had conducted remote discussions with the Ukrainian authorities from Sept. 21–Oct. 18.
Ivanna Vladkova Hollar, who led the virtual mission, said the two sides reached agreement on an updated set of economic, financial, and structural policies to help address the economic and health crisis caused by COVID–19, while maintaining macroeconomic and financial stability, reducing vulnerabilities, and tackling key obstacles to private investment.
She said the program was focused on returning fiscal policies to settings consistent with medium-term debt sustainability while protecting vulnerable populations, strengthening revenue administration, and reducing risks from “quasi-fiscal operations,” including in the energy sector, while safeguarding central bank independence and reducing inflation.
Other goals included reviving sound bank lending to the private sector, tackling corruption and moving forward with judicial reform; and improving the business climate, the International Monetary Fund said.
Ukrainian central bank Governor Kyrylo Shevchenko, in a separate statement, said the central bank had already approved a plan to reduce non–performing loans in state-owned banks, which was a structural benchmark for the first review.
By Andrea Shalal, David Lawder, Natalia Zinets, Matthias Williams