Scientists have found a way to potentially prevent counterfeiting in currency, documents, credit cards, and even IDs.
Many modern documents include holograms to enhance security, and they are generally difficult to replicate outside of an optical lab.
Although accurate recreation of these holograms is extremely challenging, a similar shiny, multi-colored look can be created using a mixture of pigments and base, and this may pass a quick inspection.
The new technology aims at higher-level security measures rather than street-level counterfeiting.
The team designed an “ultra-capacity nano-photon sieve”—a unique device with the capacity to incorporate more than 34,000 randomly distributed nanoholes (~300nm in diameter) in its surface.
This feature enables the display of a high-pixel, high-quality holographic image at a controlled position.
“Highly secured virtual information is stored in the collection of these nanoholes and they can only be retrieved and read at a particular distance when a proper polarized illumination is employed,” explains Qiu Chang-Wei, assistant professor at the National University of Singapore.
“Our device can be customized for various applications as the dimensionality (for example, two-dimensional or three-dimensional), display distance, polarization, and wavelength dependence can be tailored according to needs.”
The team’s new technology could open up a new optic avenue for unparalleled security at nanoscale precision.
“We are looking into making our system more robust, developing multiple holographic images at multiple displaying planes, wavelength-dependent, or polarization-dependent three-dimensional images, higher pixels, and other emerging applications enabled by the capability of handling such a huge quantity of nanoholes,” says Qiu.
The findings appear in Nature Communications.