Franco–German Call for Russia Summit Meets EU Resistance

June 24, 2021 Updated: June 24, 2021

BRUSSELS—France and Germany called on June 24 for a European Union summit with Russian President Vladimir Putin but met firm resistance from Poland and Baltic countries that distrust the Kremlin.

French President Emmanuel Macron said the first EU summit with Putin since January 2014 would be a chance for dialogue and won support from Austria’s chancellor as EU leaders arrived for their regular summer meeting in Brussels to discuss a new strategy to improve ties with Moscow.

“We need a dialogue to defend our interests … it is a dialogue necessary for the stability of the European continent,” Macron said.

“We cannot remain in a purely reactive logic when it comes to Russia,” he said. “I hope that we can, with real European unity and coordination, have this … dialogue.”

EU leaders are also set to ask the European Commission and the EU’s top diplomat Josep Borrell for “options for additional restrictive measures, including economic sanctions” against Russia, according to a draft of the summit statement seen by Reuters.

The EU already has economic sanctions on the Russian energy, financial, and arms sectors over Moscow’s 2014 annexation of the Crimean peninsula and individual sanctions on Russians accused of human rights abuses and for using banned chemical weapons.

Diplomats say further sanctions could target Russian money laundering or powerful oligarchs suspected of serious corruption abroad, as non-EU member Britain did for the first time in April.

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Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin addresses the media as she arrives on the first day of the European Union summit at the European Council Building in Brussels, on June 24, 2021. (John Thys/Pool via Reuters)

Bear and Honey

Following NATO warnings that Russia is trying to divide Western democracies through disinformation and covert attacks, many EU countries said talk of summits was premature.

Macron had tried in September 2019 to seek less-frosty ties with Putin, without success, and Germany’s outgoing Chancellor Angela Merkel met Putin in Moscow in January 2020. Putin spoke by telephone with European Council President Charles Michel, who chairs EU summits, on June 7 this year.

EU diplomats say they are concerned that the Kremlin doesn’t take the bloc seriously, after Borrell was publicly humiliated in February by the Kremlin. Russia expelled EU diplomats during Borrell’s visit to Moscow without warning.

Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda said the idea was like “trying to engage the bear to keep a pot of honey safe.”

Envoys for France and Germany on June 23 proposed that holding a summit with Putin was a possible way to repair ties between the close trade partners, following on from U.S. President Joe Biden’s summit in Geneva with Putin.

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German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrives on the first day of the European Union summit at the European Council Building in Brussels, on June 24, 2021. (John Thys/Pool via Reuters)

“We should be extremely cautious, this is not like the relationship of Russia with the United States,” Nauseda said, referring to the two nuclear-armed rivals.

While France is a nuclear power, the EU relies on NATO for its territorial defense and makes decisions by consensus among 27 states, making it easier for the Kremlin to exploit divisions. Moscow denies any wrongdoing.

The Kremlin welcomed the idea of a summit, saying both Brussels and Moscow needed dialogue, although Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said he wanted more details.

“What is it about? What is the agenda? We also do not know whether all other EU members support this. So we need our (EU) colleagues to clarify what they mean and what they aim for,” Lavrov said, according to RIA news agency.

On opposing sides in standoffs in Ukraine and Belarus, and at odds over human rights, the EU and Russia accuse each other of meddling in elections, disinformation, and threatening security and stability from the Baltics to the Black Sea.

“We as the European Union must also seek direct contact with Russia and the Russian president,” Merkel told legislators in what is expected to be her final speech to the German Bundestag.

“It is not enough for the U.S. president to talk to the Russian president. I very much welcome that, but the EU must also create forums for dialogue,” she added.

However, the potential for new flashpoints abound. The EU on June 24 imposed economic sanctions on Belarus, an ally of Russia that the Kremlin sees as a buffer state between Russia and NATO.

The last EU–Russia summit was in January 2014, shortly before Russia annexed Ukraine’s Crimea peninsula.

While the EU subsequently froze summits with Putin, its policy has zigzagged between imposing economic sanctions and allowing a new gas pipeline from Russia to Germany to reach completion.