Brucellosis Outbreak in China Worsening as Disease Spreads to Farms

Brucellosis Outbreak in China Worsening as Disease Spreads to Farms
A herdsman pastures sheep in Xilinhot of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, on Aug. 8, 2006. Xilinhot, located in the middle of Xilin Gol Grassland, one of China's largest prairies, is the economic and cultural center of Xilin Gol League, a livestock production base in northern China. As the Xilin Gol Grassland has suffered severe sand-encroachment and desertification, the government has implemented a project to save grassland, which encloses grazing land and relocates herdsmen and livestock from the prairie, according to state media. (China Photos/Getty Images)
Frank Yue
More cases of the bacterial brucellosis disease were reported in China’s Gansu Province, Shaanxi Province, and Inner Mongolia in recent days.
The initial outbreak began in July last year, according to authorities, after a biopharmaceutical company allowed the bacteria to leak out during vaccine production. 

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that mainly affects animals, including livestock and dogs that can transmit the bacteria to humans through direct contact. Symptoms include profuse sweating, and joint and muscular pain. The disease can last a few weeks, or months or even years.

On Sept. 8, state-run media Shaanxi TV News posted on its official Sina Weibo (a platform similar to Twitter) account that five infants at the Xi’an Children’s Hospital—the largest specialized facility for children in northwestern China—contracted the disease.
In recent days, The Epoch Times spoke to local residents about the outbreak situation.

Female Resident: Worried About Fertility

Wang Jia (alias), a 30 year-old resident of Lanzhou city, Gansu Province, lives near the Lanzhou Biopharmaceutical Plant where authorities said the bacterial outbreak originated. 
While brucellosis is a reproductive disease in animals, it is not known to have effects on the human reproductive system. However, some research has suggested getting brucellosis during pregnancy is a significant risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Wang was diagnosed with brucellosis in January this year. She has waist pain, foot pain, leg pain, and sweats profusely, especially when she walks upstairs to her apartment at the end of a workday. 
She told The Epoch Times that she has been trying to conceive since getting married about a year ago, but has not been successful. She is worried the disease is impacting her fertility. “My doctor told me that I’d better give up the idea [of conceiving]. It would also be harmful to my baby even if I insist on bearing a child. I’m desperately anxious now.”
According to her doctor, currently, there is no specialized medical institution that treats brucellosis in Lanzhou.

Petitioners: Hopeless

According to Wang, crowds of victims or their family members have appealed to authorities for compensation since media outlets started covering the outbreak, but to no avail.
“They [authorities] say we’re making trouble. We’re forbidden to say anything,” she said.
This month, the Lanzhou Biopharmaceutical Plant and local government finalized their compensation plan. According to state-run media The Paper, residents in Yanchanglu subdistrict, Chengguan district, who tested positive for the disease are eligible for compensation varying from 3,000 yuan (about $446) to 50,000 yuan (about $7,438).
Wang told The Epoch Times that she is eligible to receive about 7,500 yuan (about $1,115) for lost wages, transportation expenses, and general damages. But she refused to sign the agreement.
Wang said she is concerned she will suffer a chronic condition as a result of contracting the disease.

Farm Staff: Several Thousand Infections Annually

Liu Gang (alias) has worked for two years on an Inner Mongolia farm since graduating from college. He told The Epoch Times on condition of anonymity that he and his six colleagues were diagnosed with brucellosis. However, their employer asked them to continue to work, and did not allow them to apply for occupational compensation. 
Larger farms have more infections, up to dozens on each farm, Liu said.  
He revealed that many cattle and sheep in China’s farms have contracted brucellosis. He further claimed that some employees at major dairy producers have also contracted the disease.
Liu said sick cattle may be transferred from one place to another and potentially spread brucellosis. He claimed that there were several thousand cases in Inner Mongolia. The Epoch Times could not independently verify his claim. 

Liu added that according to regulations, sick cattle are supposed to be culled and their environment disinfected. However, farms are often unwilling to foot these costs, and do not provide staff with protection beyond gloves and masks.

People can become infected if they consume undercooked meat or unpasteurized dairy products from infected animals.
About his own situation, Liu said: “I was diagnosed in September last year and have been undergoing treatment. My early symptoms were fatigue and sweating. Now I have joint pains and inflammation—mainly in the shoulder and elbow joints, and partly in the reproductive system.”