U.S. President Donald Trump passed a cognitive test with flying colors this week. Can you?
Trump scored 30 out of 30 on the test, reported NTD.
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment, or MOCA, features a variety of questions meant to test the taker’s current cognitive state.
The goal of the test is, in just 10 minutes, to see if the taker has any signs of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a clinical state that often progresses to dementia, according to researchers.
According to Dementia.org, any score higher than 25 is considered normal.
On the other hand, any score of 25 or less is an indication of some form of impairment.
The Daily Mail notes that a score of around 22 more specifically means someone has MCI.
A score of around 16 indicates the patient has Alzheimer’s.
Here are the questions [explanations and answers below the embed]:
Question 1: This visuospatial/executive test features a patient being told to pair up five numbers and letters (1-5, A-E) in ascending order. No lines can be crossed, or they get a zero. [1 point possible]
Question 2: This addition to visuoconstructional skills has patients draw their own cube next to the already-drawn cube. It must be exactly the same. [1 point possible]
Question 3: Question 3: Another visuoconstructional skill test has the patient draw a clock. One point each is given if the patient has successfully drawn: a contour, numbers, and hands. [3 possible points]
Question 4: The only problem in the naming phase shows three common animals and requires correct identification of them. One point each is awarded per animal correctly identified. [3 possible points]
Question 5: The memory portion of the cognitive test has the patient read five words and repeat them. No points are awarded.
Question 6: The attention portion of the test starts with the patient reading a list of numbers first in forward order, then a second line in backward order. One point is awarded for each sequence done correctly [2 possible points]
Question 7: The second phase of Attention has the patient read a list of letters, while tapping his or her hand at each letter A. One error is allowed in this question [1 possible points]
Question 8: The third phase of the attention portion of the test has the patient count backward by 7 from 100. Four or five correct subtractions gets three points; two or three gets two points; one gets one point; none gets zero points. [3 possible points]
Question 9: The first language challenge features the patient repeating two phrases. One point for each phrase correctly repeated. [2 possible points]
Question 10: The second language challenge has them name the maximum number of words that begin with the letter “F” in one minute; they must name 11 or more words to get a point. [1 possible point]
Question 11: An abstraction challenge has the patient tell the test giver what the similarity is between three pairs of words. They receive one point for the last two pairs because the first is a practice pair. [2 possible points]
Question 12: The delayed recall phase has the patient recall all of the words they heard earlier in the “memory” portion. If they can’t without a cue, the examiner gives a cue for whichever categories missed. Points are only awarded for words recalled without a cue. [5 possible points]
Question 13: The last section, orientation, has the patient say the date of the current day, as well as the place they are in, as well as the city. They get one point for each correct answer. [6 possible points]