Dollar Finds Footing Ahead of Job Data Deluge

Dollar Finds Footing Ahead of Job Data Deluge
A trader counts U.S. dollar banknotes at a currency exchange booth in Peshawar, Pakistan, on Sept. 15, 2021. (Fayaz Aziz/Reuters)
Reuters
12/5/2023
Updated:
12/5/2023
0:00

LONDON—The U.S. dollar regained some ground on Tuesday and hovered near a one-week high against a basket of currencies, ahead of a flurry of employment data that could upend investor expectations for the outlook for interest rates.

The euro took an early knock from comments by European Central Bank member Isabel Schnabel, who said in an interview with Reuters that interest rate hikes were off the table, given the “remarkable” fall in inflation.

Bitcoin held close to its highest since April last year, near $42,000, as a decline in the dollar in recent weeks has diverted cash into riskier assets.

Investors are keenly awaiting Friday’s U.S. non-farm payrolls report for November. But before then, the monthly JOLTS report—which captures monthly hirings and firings—lands later on Tuesday and the private-sector ADP survey is due on Wednesday.

Both could shape expectations for Friday’s number and make for volatile trading in the run-up, given the power of monetary policy expectations to drive currencies right now.

“The market’s main focus now is still very much on what central banks are going to do next year in terms of policy. We’ve had this very dramatic dovish repricing of rate expectations for both the Fed and the ECB over the past week, so that’s certainly having an impact on FX markets,” MUFG currency strategist Lee Hardman said.

The dollar index was up 0.1 percent, around one-week highs.

Analysts said the dollar’s nudge up was in part due to a reversal of its heavy selloff in recent weeks, which saw the dollar index falling some 3 percent in November, its steepest monthly decline in a year.

“I think it’s maybe just a little bit of a reassessment as to the U.S. dollar having fallen too far, and too fast,” said Sean Callow, a senior currency strategist at Westpac.

Cuts Priced in

Traders have priced in at least 125 basis points worth of rate cuts from the Federal Reserve next year, with a good chance of 50 bps by June, according to CME’s FedWatch tool.

“The Fed will be reactive to the hard data and not anticipatory of it,” said Thierry Wizman, Macquarie’s global foreign exchange and interest rates strategist. “So as long as the activity data deteriorates and inflation retreats, convergence toward lower yields will resume.”

By comparison, futures show there is an 82 percent chance the ECB could deliver its first rate cut by next March. Inflation across the eurozone has fallen more quickly than most anticipated, as evidenced by last Thursday’s consumer price data.

The euro has lost 1.34 percent since then and the data was enough to persuade ECB board member Ms. Schnabel to change her stance on rate cuts. A month ago, she had insisted hikes must remain an option.

The euro was last down 0.1 percent at $1.0821 and down 0.1 percent against the pound at 85.715 pence.

Meanwhile, the yuan was unperturbed by a Moody’s decision to cut China’s credit outlook to “negative” on Tuesday. The ratings agency cited lower medium-term growth and the ongoing decline in the property sector.

In the offshore market, the yuan was broadly steady at 7.153 per dollar, having traded at 7.16 earlier on.

Sterling was little changed at $1.2628, while the yen strengthened, leaving the dollar down 0.1 percent at 147.05.

The Australian dollar fell 0.7 percent to $0.6576, below Monday’s four-month high, after the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) kept rates at a 12-year high of 4.35 percent on Tuesday, as widely expected, and noted that economic data received since November had been broadly in line with forecasts.

“The Aussie has had a great run in recent weeks and was arguably overbought over the near-term,” said Matt Simpson, senior market analyst at City Index.

In cryptocurrencies, bitcoin was last down 1.15 percent at $41,504, narrowly below Monday’s peak of $42,404, its highest since April 2022.

The world’s largest cryptocurrency has gained 150 percent this year, fuelled in part by optimism that U.S. regulators will soon approve exchange-traded spot bitcoin funds (ETFs), which could open the bitcoin market to millions more investors.

“$40,000 has acted like a magnet since bitcoin finally broke through $30,000 in late October,” said crypto-services firm Nexo co-founder Antoni Trenchev. “It was only a matter of time before the next round number succumbed as enthusiasm about a spot ETF reaches fever pitch.”

By Amanda Cooper