The bans bind all members of the European Union’s passport-free Schengen zone, suggesting Germany is willing to use its influence as the EU’s largest country to push for a tougher line.
Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said the decision had been closely coordinated with France, which is part of the Schengen zone, and Britain, which is not, and EU states had expressed “great support” for the decision when he briefed them in Brussels on Nov. 19.
“We also had a joint statement on the issue this weekend, which indicates we are not satisfied with the results of the investigation thus far … and that we retain the right to take further steps,” he said.
When asked on possible French action, Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said: “We are working very closely with Germany at this moment … and we will decide ourselves a certain number of sanctions very quickly over what we know (about the murder).”
Germany had also pressured its arms manufacturers to stop authorized shipments, something a spokesman said meant: “there are currently no (arms) exports from Germany to Saudi Arabia,”
Germany already suspended issuing future export weapons export licenses to Saudi Arabia last month.
Any member of the 26-country Schengen area can unilaterally ban anyone it deems a security risk, although it unusual for a country to impose such a large number of bans at once in such a politically sensitive case.
Those banned are the 15 members of the squad suspected of killing Khashoggi in Riyadh’s Istanbul consulate, and a further three suspected of organizing the murder, had been banned, Foreign Ministry spokesman Christofer Burger said, without naming them.
Asked if Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman was among them, Burger declined to comment.
Saudi prosecutors said last week that the crown prince, Saudi Arabia’s de facto ruler, knew nothing of the operation, in which Khashoggi’s body was dismembered, removed from the building and handed over to an unidentified “local cooperator”.
An Interior Ministry spokeswoman said the ban would apply even if any of those affected held diplomatic passports.
Defense industry experts said the main impact of Germany halting exports would be on the sale of patrol boats built by privately-held Luerrsen, jeopardizing 300 jobs at a shipyard in the northeastern state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, and four Cobra counter-battery radar systems to be built by a consortium that includes France’s Thales, Airbus, and Lockheed Martin of the United States.
It remained unclear how the freeze would impact multinational programs such as the Eurofighter, built by a consortium of firms in Britain, Germany, Italy, and Spain.
However, in response to a parliamentary query, the government said previous accords meant no Eurofighter partner nation could block a sale of jets or parts to other countries.
BAE Systems, which led the Eurofighter campaign to win a 10-billion-pound ($12.86 billion) contract from Saudi Arabia for 48 new Eurofighter Typhoon jets, declined to comment.
The company is still finalizing the deal after signing a memorandum of understanding with Saudi Arabia in March. About a third of their components would come from Germany.