At Least 58 Die in Mexico’s Strongest Quake in 85 Years

September 8, 2017 8:58 am Last Updated: September 10, 2017 3:27 pm

JUCHITAN, Mexico—At least 58 people died when the most powerful earthquake to hit Mexico in over eight decades tore through buildings, forced mass evacuations and triggered alerts as far away as Southeast Asia, with most fatalities in the picturesque state of Oaxaca.

The 8.1 magnitude quake off the southern coast late Thursday was stronger than a devastating 1985 temblor that flattened swathes of Mexico City and killed thousands.

This time damage to the city was limited as the quake was deeper and further from the capital.

“It almost knocked me over,” said Gildardo Arenas Rios, a 64-year-old security guard in Mexico City’s Juarez neighborhood, who was making his rounds when buildings began moving.

The southern town of Juchitan in Oaxaca state on Mexico’s narrowest point and near the epicenter, was hit particularly hard, with sections of the town hall, a hotel, a bar and other buildings reduced to rubble.

A damaged wall and a smashed vehicle are pictured after an earthquake in Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Carlos Jasso)
A damaged wall and a smashed vehicle are pictured after an earthquake in Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Carlos Jasso)

 

“The situation is Juchitan is critical; this is the most terrible moment in its history,” said mayor Gloria Sanchez after the long, rumbling quake that also shook Guatemala and El Salvador nearby to the south.

Shocked residents stepped through the rubble of about 100 collapsed buildings including houses, a flattened Volkswagen dealership and Juchitan’s battered town hall.

“Look at what it did to my house,” said Maria Magdalena Lopez, in tears outside its shattered walls. “It was horrifying, it fell down.”

A damaged wall and a smashed vehicle are pictured after an earthquake in Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Carlos Jasso)
A damaged wall and a smashed vehicle are pictured after an earthquake in Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Carlos Jasso)

 

Alma Rosa, sitting in vigil with a relative by the body of a loved one draped in a red shroud, said: “We went to buy a coffin, but there aren’t any because there are so many bodies.”

All the deaths were in three neighboring states clustered round the epicenter. In Oaxaca, 45 people died, in Chiapas 10 and in Tabasco three people lost their lives, said the head of Mexico’s civil protection agency head, Luis Felipe Puentes.

Chiapas’ Governor Manuel Velasco said 12 had died in Chiapas, which would bring the total to 60.

In Chiapas, home to many of Mexico’s indigenous ethnic groups, thousands of people in coastal areas were evacuated as a precaution when the quake sparked tsunami warnings.

People stand in line to register in a shelter after they were evacuated from their coastal town after an earthquake struck off the southern coast, in Tapachula, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Jose Torres)
People stand in line to register in a shelter after they were evacuated from their coastal town after an earthquake struck off the southern coast, in Tapachula, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Jose Torres)

 

Waves rose as high as 2.3 ft in Mexico, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said, though that threat passed.

State oil company Pemex said it was checking its installations for damage and closed the Salina Cruz refinery in the same region as the epicenter as a precautionary measure. It began to restart the 330,000 bpd refinery on Friday afternoon.

Woken in the Night

At least 250 people in Oaxaca were also injured, according to agriculture minister Jose Calzada.

Classes were suspended in much of central and southern Mexico on Friday to allow authorities to assess damage.

People ran into the streets in Mexico City, one of the world’s largest cities with an estimated population of more than 20 million, and alarms sounded after the quake struck just before midnight.

In one central neighborhood, dozens stood outside, some wrapped in blankets against the cool night air. Children were crying.

People gather on a street after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Edgard Garrido)
People gather on a street after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Edgard Garrido)

 

Liliana Villa, 35, who was in her apartment when the quake struck, fled in her nightclothes.

“It felt horrible, and I thought, ‘this (building) is going to fall,'” she said.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) said the quake’s epicenter was in the Pacific, 54 miles southwest of the town of Pijijiapan at a depth of 43 miles.

John Bellini, a geophysicist at the USGS National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colorado, said Thursday’s quake was the strongest in Mexico since an 8.1 temblor struck the western state of Jalisco in 1932.

Across the Pacific, the national disaster agency of the Philippines put the country’s eastern seaboard on alert for possible tsunamis, although no evacuations were ordered.

Fallen furniture in an apartment is pictured after an earthquake in Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (Maria Antonieta Barragan Lomeli via REUTERS)
Fallen furniture in an apartment is pictured after an earthquake in Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (Maria Antonieta Barragan Lomeli via REUTERS)

Outrages, Aftershocks

Rescue workers searched through the night for anyone trapped in collapsed buildings but by early Friday the toll appeared to be less severe than that seen in many far less powerful tremors.

Windows were shattered at Mexico City airport and power went out in several neighborhoods of the capital, affecting more than one million people. The cornice of a hotel came down in the southern tourist city of Oaxaca, a witness said.

Helicopters buzzed overhead looking for damage to the city, which is built on a spongy, drained lake bed that amplifies earthquakes along the volcanic country’s multiple seismic fault-lines, even when they occur hundreds of miles away.

 

The 1985 earthquake was by the coast, about 200 miles from Mexico City. Thursday’s quake was 470 miles from the city.

Authorities reported dozens of aftershocks, and President Pena Nieto said the quake was felt by around 50 million of Mexico’s roughly 120 million population, with further aftershocks likely. He advised people to check their homes and offices for damage and gas leaks.

Mexico is evaluating whether the quake will trigger a payout from a World Bank-backed catastrophe bond, Finance Minister Jose Antonio Meade said on Friday. Meade said the bond’s coverage could reach $150 million, depending on magnitude and location.

But he said Mexico has sufficient funds to pay for a clean-up whether the bond was triggered or not.

By Jose Cortes

A view of damages on the floor in an entrance of the Benito Juarez international airport after an earthquake hit Mexico City on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Edgard Garrido)
A view of damages on the floor in an entrance of the Benito Juarez international airport after an earthquake hit Mexico City on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Edgard Garrido)

 

People gather on a street after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico late Sept. 7, 2017. (REUTERS/Claudia Daut)
People gather on a street after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico late Sept. 7, 2017. (REUTERS/Claudia Daut)

 

People gather on a street after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico late Sept. 7, 2017. (REUTERS/Claudia Daut)
People gather on a street after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico late Sept. 7, 2017. (REUTERS/Claudia Daut)

 

People gather on a street after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico late Sept. 7, 2017. (REUTERS/Claudia Daut)
People gather on a street after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico late Sept. 7, 2017. (REUTERS/Claudia Daut)

 

Patients and family members are seen outside the Institute for Social Security and Services for State Workers (ISSSTE) after an earthquake struck off the southern coast of Mexico late on Thursday, in Puebla, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Imelda Medina)
Patients and family members are seen outside the Institute for Social Security and Services for State Workers (ISSSTE) after an earthquake struck off the southern coast of Mexico late on Thursday, in Puebla, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Imelda Medina)

 

People gather on a street after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico late Sept. 7, 2017. (REUTERS/Claudia Daut)
People gather on a street after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico late Sept. 7, 2017. (REUTERS/Claudia Daut)

 

A volunteer carries blankets after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Edgard Garrido)
A volunteer carries blankets after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Edgard Garrido)

 

People gather on a street as they receive blankets after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Edgard Garrido)
People gather on a street as they receive blankets after an earthquake hit Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Edgard Garrido)

 

People are seen in a bus as they are being evacuated from their coastal town after an earthquake struck off the southern coast, in Puerto Madero, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Jose Torres )NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVES
People are seen in a bus as they are being evacuated from their coastal town after an earthquake struck off the southern coast, in Puerto Madero, Mexico on Sept. 8, 2017. (REUTERS/Jose Torres )