This Day in Market History: The NYSE Is Born Under a Buttonwood

This Day in Market History: The NYSE Is Born Under a Buttonwood
Engraving of a scene outside the New York Stock Exchange at the corner of Wall Street and Broad Street in downtown Manhattan, New York, in 1860s. (FPG/Getty Images)
Each day, Benzinga takes a look back at a notable market-related moment that happened on this date.

What Happened

On May 17, 1792, the signing of the Buttonwood Agreement laid the groundwork for the New York Stock Exchange.

Where Was the Market

The Dow and S&P 500 weren’t introduced for another 104 and 131 years, respectively.

What Else Was Going on in the World

The U.S. had recently created the postal service and passed the Presidential Succession Act. Across the Atlantic, the French Revolution raged.

Buttonwood Agreement Bears NYSE

Under the shade of a Wall Street buttonwood, 24 stockbrokers and merchants signed an agreement establishing a centralized securities exchange, obviating the roles of auctioneers and setting a commission rate.

Just five securities traded at the time, with the Bank of New York the first to debut.

Nearly 25 years later, the organization became the New York Stock & Exchange Board. After a series of mergers and acquisitions, the exchange is now operated by Intercontinental Exchange.

By Elizabeth Balboa
© 2022 The Epoch Times. The Epoch Times does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.
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