Afghanistan Delays Vote in Kandahar After Killing of Commander

October 19, 2018 Updated: October 19, 2018

KABUL—The Oct. 20, parliamentary election in the southern Afghan province of Kandahar will be delayed by a week after the assassination of one of the country’s most powerful security chiefs dealt a stunning blow to the Western-backed government.

General Abdul Razeq, the Kandahar police commander, was killed outside the provincial governor’s office on Thursday, when a bodyguard opened fire on a group of officials as they left a meeting with General Scott Miller, the commander of U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan.

Miller was not injured but the regional intelligence agency commander was killed and the provincial governor severely wounded, decimating the leadership of one of the country’s most strategically important provinces.

General Scott Miller Afghanistan
General Scott Miller (C), command of US and NATO forces in Afghanistan gestures as he speaks during a change of command ceremony at Resolute Support in Kabul, Afghanistan, on Sept. 2, 2018. (Wakil Kohsar/AFP/Getty Images)

Although nominally a provincial police chief, Razeq was one of the most powerful political figures in Afghanistan and a formidable opponent of the Taliban, with unchallenged authority across the volatile south of the country.

The decision to suspend the vote in Kandahar province was taken over the objections of some officials who warned that any delay would threaten the whole process and hand the Taliban a major propaganda victory.

Saturday’s election had been seen as a major test of the government’s credibility and ability to organize a nationwide ballot ahead of the more important presidential election next April.

But the shock of Razeq’s death meant the people of Kandahar were “morally not ready to vote”, Hafizullah Hashimi, spokesman of the Independent Election Commission, said.

The Taliban issued a fresh warning not to take part in the election on Friday, telling people to stay at home and saying it would shut down roads and would be “closely monitoring all developments”.

Afghan commuters posters parliamentary election
Afghan commuters drive along as posters of candidate Ahamd Tamin Jurat are installed during the parliamentary election campaign, in Kabul, Afghanistan, on Oct. 2, 2018. (Wakil Kohsar/AFP/Getty Images)

The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) issued a statement of its own expressing concern at Taliban statements pledging attacks on schools and other buildings used as polling centers.

“UNAMA urges the Taliban to respect and protect civilians and not to threaten them or carry out violence should they engage in their constitutional right to participate in elections,” it said.

On top of the mounting security concerns, the elections were already dogged by serious technical and organizational problems, notably around the use of untested biometric voter verification equipment rushed in after allegations of widespread voter fraud.

Precarious

Thursday’s attack underlined how precarious the situation remains in Afghanistan after more than 17 years of war despite preliminary contacts between Taliban and U.S. officials to find a basis for future peace talks.

U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said it was too soon to say what effect Razeq’s death would have but added that the U.S. military’s mission was unaltered.

Secretary Defence Jim Mattis speaks
Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis speaks with the media before an enhanced honor cordon arrival of Greek Minister of Defense Panagiotis Kammenos at the Pentagon in Washington, U.S., on Oct. 9, 2018. (Joshua Roberts/Reuters)

“We need to find who’s done this,” Mattis told reporters traveling with him in the southeast Asian city-state of Singapore. “But right now, we are going toward the election and we will continue to defend the Afghan people.”

He said he did not believe the attack would affect U.S. military movements around Afghanistan or General Miller’s security arrangements.

It was unclear how the attack would affect moves toward a peace process, following a meeting last week of Taliban officials and the U.S. special envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad, but it complicates an already difficult situation.

Zalmay Khalilzad flanked Jalal Talibani
Iraqi President Jalal Talabani (C) is flanked by U.S. ambassador to Iraq Zalmay Khalilzad (R), and U.S. forces commander in Iraq General George Casey as they attend the United States independence day anniversary celebration at the U.S. embassy in Baghdad, Iraq, on July 4, 2006. (Ali Jasim – pool/Getty Images)

“You’re going to start asking questions about, ‘Well, how trustworthy are they? What influence do they really have?'” said one former Defense Department official who left the Pentagon recently, referring to the Taliban.

“And you know the bottomline question is, ‘Why are we still dealing with them?’ or ‘Should we deal with them?'”

Mattis was cautious about whether the Thursday attack could hit voter turnout but said the U.S. aim of finding a negotiated, Afghan-led political solution to the conflict was unchanged.

“We remain absolutely committed to an Afghan-led Afghan reconciliation,” he said.

Election Threat

Miller, who knew Razeq well from his previous tours of duty in Afghanistan, issued a statement saluting a “great friend”.

“Afghanistan lost a patriot,” he said on Twitter. “The good he did for Afghanistan and the Afghan people cannot be undone.”


A disarmingly youthful-looking figure, with a toothy smile belying a fearsome reputation, the 39-year-old Razeq was regularly accused of building a fortune from extracting millions of dollars from traders and businesses.

He was also accused of torturing prisoners and other abuses, which he denied.

Last year, the United Nations Committee against Torture cited “numerous and credible allegations” that Razeq was complicit in severe human rights abuses, including extrajudicial killings and secret detention centers.

He clashed frequently with President Ashraf Ghani, defying attempts to sack him, but he enjoyed popular support in Kandahar and the surrounding provinces and was adept at navigating the region’s complex tribal politics.

Ashraf Ghani Aghanistan president Assembly
Ashraf Ghani, president of Afghanistan, addresses the United Nations General Assembly at UN headquarters, in N.Y., on Sept. 19, 2017. (Drew Angerer/Getty Images)

He was also highly respected by U.S. officers who saw his ruthless methods as the most effective weapon against the Taliban in both Kandahar and the wider south.

“Razeq was, kind of, the embodiment of security, not just in Kandahar. It is Uruzgan, it’s Zabul province,” said the recently retired Defense Department official.

“He had a lot of sway over other senior officials and certainly in the police.”

By Rupam Jain and Hamid Shalizi

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