In a November letter to Brazilian Bishop José Negri, Pope Francis laid out rules for transgender and LGBT engagement in the Catholic church.
Bishop Negri had asked the pontiff several questions on how the church should respond to transgender and homosexual-identifying individuals.
Consequences for ConservativesIn recent years, Church authorities have fired conservative clergy outspoken in their opposition to liberal ideology.
Recently, the pope dismissed Bishop Joseph Strickland of Tyler, Texas, from his duties. The conservative bishop had spoken against the pope’s welcoming of LGBT people into the church.
The bishop also refused to cease celebrating the Catholic mass in Latin after the pope ordered restrictions on it. And he criticized the pope’s closed-door debate on women in church governance.
The pope also recently punished conservative Cardinal Raymond Burke, as well, revoking his right to a subsidized Vatican apartment and salary. Francis told senior Vatican officials he made this move because Cardinal Burke was a source of “disunity” in the church.
The 86-year-old pope has a reputation for admiring progressive politics. He has signed petitions for climate change and called conservatives who oppose his political positions “backward.”
In November, the pontiff welcomed more than 150 men who identify as women as his guests at a luncheon in the Vatican auditorium as part of the Catholic World Day of the Poor. Many in the group of transgender-identifying guests work as prostitutes.
The pope has reached out to them before.
When pandemic lockdowns put a halt to the sex trade, Pope Francis invited the transgender-identifying prostitutes to attend his weekly general audiences, and he offered them money, medicine, shampoo, and vaccines.
The policies outlined in the pope’s recent letter to the bishop take steps to support the LGBT community further.
But they don’t change church rules, said Father Brown. Instead, the pope’s letter clarifies how priests govern their areas of responsibility within existing church rules, he said.
“Within the rules and the law of the church, there’s certain guidelines that must be followed for those performing a function within the church or undergoing a role, or even for those receiving a sacrament,” Father Brown said. “But they’re written in such a way where there is room for interpretation, and they’re not overly restrictive.”
The pope’s letter tells priests that—within the law, as now written—there is room for transgender baptism, transgender godparents, and transgender wedding witnesses.
But the clarifications come with caveats.
Transgender Catholics can be baptized only in cases that don’t create “public scandal,” and they can become godparents only under “certain conditions.”
Homosexuals can have their children baptized if there is a “well-founded hope” that the children will be raised Catholic. And same-sex couples can be godparents, the pope wrote, but these situations must be “wisely considered.”
The pope’s letter offers unqualified support to transgender-identifying and homosexual-identifying individuals who want to serve as witnesses for the sacrament of marriage in the church.
But in the case of serving as godparents, transgender-identifying people shouldn’t be allowed to serve in that role “if there is a risk of scandal, undue legitimation, or disorientation in the educational sphere of the ecclesial community,” the pope wrote in the letter.
This explains the careful wording of the letter, Father Brown said.
About baptism, the pope wrote, “A transsexual—who has also undergone hormonal treatment and sex reassignment surgery—can receive baptism, under the same conditions as other believers, if there are no situations in which there is a risk of generating public scandal or disorientation in the faithful.”
He wrote, “In the case of children or adolescents with transsexual problems, if well prepared and willing, they can receive baptism.”
However, the pope’s letter qualifies its approval for transgender baptism by saying that, even that sacrament—without the turning away from sin—does not provide forgiveness from God.
Local Decisions on TransgenderismThe wording of the letter puts decision-making power into the hands of local priests to decide how to handle issues within their own congregations, Father Brown said.
Considering “public scandal” is rare when deeming whether it’s appropriate to administer a sacrament, such as baptism, he said. And whether something is a “scandal” depends very much on local culture.
“What is scandalous in one neighborhood or one parish can be completely normal in another parish,” he said. “There is a risk that if this is misinterpreted and misapplied, it could lead to a certain relativization of the dispensation or administration of the sacraments.”
It’s likely that the pope’s letter means that in largely liberal locales, such as New York or San Francisco, priests now will baptize transgender-identifying individuals, Father Brown said.
But in conservative places, such as Kenya, priests likely will not allow baptism for transgender-identifying individuals, because, in that culture, it could cause “scandal,” as the pope cautioned against in his letter, Father Brown said.
The pope wrote in 2015 that men and women must embrace the way God created them as male and female.
“We are called to protect our humanity, and this means, in the first place, accepting it and respecting it as it was created.”
Still, Father Brown said, when it comes to LGBT people, the pope “loves them all and cares for them all in whatever way that we can. And he doesn’t let them get dehumanized by the political machine.”
Clarifying Godparent EligibilityFor Catholics, a godparent is an adult selected by the parents of a child being baptized to help lead the child in religious faith. These individuals must be Catholics currently leading a “life of faith,” according to Catholic religious law.
The pope’s letter reiterates that anyone living “a life in conformity with the faith” can be a godparent.
But, the pontiff wrote, “the case is different” for two same-sex attracted people living together in a marriage-style relationship.
The letter doesn’t specify exactly how things will be different for same-sex couples. The pope states in the letter that it is “necessary to consider the real value that the ecclesial community gives to the tasks of godfathers and godmothers.”
The Epoch Times contacted the Vatican but received no comment by publication time.