An official document has been leaked revealing that Beijing intends to establish a military presence in the Solomon Islands, despite denials from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, which on April 1 called such concerns “groundless and ill-intentioned."
The leaked letter of intent from Avic International Project Engineering Co., a Beijing-based state-owned aviation company, was addressed to Premier Leslie Kikolo of Isabel Province in the Solomon Islands on Sept. 29, 2020.
"We, AVIC-INTL Project Engineering Company ... present this letter to demonstrate our intent to study the opportunity to develop naval and infrastructure projects on leased land for the People’s Liberation Army Navy in Isabel Province with exclusive rights for 75 years."
Rong also promised extensive vocational training opportunities to be established in the province that could help the Solomon Islands improve its "education level and military cooperation with China."
The location of the Solomon Islands, where bitter fighting occurred between Japanese and U.S. troops in the Battle of Guadalcanal during World War II, is critical because of its influence over sea lanes in the region.
Solomon Islands Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare has vowed that there would be no naval or military presence in the region.
The contentious agreement, which allows Beijing to dispatch forces to “protect the safety of Chinese personnel and major projects in the Solomon Islands,” has sparked concern from neighboring nations.
David Panuelo, president of the Federated States of Micronesia, appealed to Sogavare to “respectfully reject and give deepest consideration” to the long-term consequences of the deal.
Professor Anne-Marie Brady, a China expert based at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, accused Beijing of “repeatedly” trying to gain access to militarily significant airfields and ports in the region—it's currently looking to rebuild an airfield in the Pacific nation of Kiribati.
“China provides weapons, military vehicles and vessels, uniforms, training, and military buildings” to the armed forces of Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Vanuatu, and now the Solomon Islands, Brady wrote on Twitter.
“China uses People’s Liberation Army (PLA)–Navy vessels to conduct regular military visits to the Pacific. PLA Yuanwang space-tracking vessels deploy to the Pacific during missile and satellite launches, using (French Polynesia’s capital) Papeete and (Fiji’s capital) Suva as their base ports,” she said.
“China is using its Pacific embassies as sites for Beidou ground stations. Like GPS, it is a military technology, crucial for missile targeting.”