Beijing Intends to Militarize Solomon Islands, Leaked Documents Reveal

Beijing Intends to Militarize Solomon Islands, Leaked Documents Reveal
Protestors outside the Parliament House building during the Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare's press conference in Honiara, Solomons Islands, on April 24, 2019. (Robert Taupongi/AFP via Getty Images)
Daniel Y. Teng

An official document has been leaked revealing that Beijing intends to establish a military presence in the Solomon Islands, despite denials from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, which on April 1 called such concerns “groundless and ill-intentioned."

The leaked letter of intent from Avic International Project Engineering Co., a Beijing-based state-owned aviation company, was addressed to Premier Leslie Kikolo of Isabel Province in the Solomon Islands on Sept. 29, 2020.

The letter, which was seen by, was signed by company President Rong Qian and opens with the following paragraph:

"We, AVIC-INTL Project Engineering Company ... present this letter to demonstrate our intent to study the opportunity to develop naval and infrastructure projects on leased land for the People’s Liberation Army Navy in Isabel Province with exclusive rights for 75 years."

Rong also promised extensive vocational training opportunities to be established in the province that could help the Solomon Islands improve its "education level and military cooperation with China."

People clear debris from the streets in Honiara's Chinatown in the Solomon Islands, on Nov. 28, 2021. (Charley Piringi/AFP via Getty Images)
People clear debris from the streets in Honiara's Chinatown in the Solomon Islands, on Nov. 28, 2021. (Charley Piringi/AFP via Getty Images)
The latest revelations come amid ongoing denials from Chinese and Solomon Islands’ leaders that a recently “initialed” security agreement would see Beijing establish a permanent military presence in the region akin to the three fully militarized islands in the South China Sea.

The location of the Solomon Islands, where bitter fighting occurred between Japanese and U.S. troops in the Battle of Guadalcanal during World War II, is critical because of its influence over sea lanes in the region.

Solomon Islands Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare has vowed that there would be no naval or military presence in the region.

“It will not be in the interest of Solomon Islands to host any naval or military base of any country, because that will immediately make Solomon Islands a military target for other countries,” he said on April 6, in comments obtained by the Solomon Times.

The contentious agreement, which allows Beijing to dispatch forces to “protect the safety of Chinese personnel and major projects in the Solomon Islands,” has sparked concern from neighboring nations.

David Panuelo, president of the Federated States of Micronesia, appealed to Sogavare to “respectfully reject and give deepest consideration” to the long-term consequences of the deal.

“As much as your bilateral security arrangement may be strictly a matter between your country and the People’s Republic of China (PRC), its existence would absolutely affect all countries who call the ‘Blue Pacific’ their home,” Panuelo said in a statement. “The Federated States of Micronesia cannot endorse or agree if your decision is to proceed with a security relationship with the PRC because of its far-reaching and grave security implications for our harmonious and peaceful Blue Pacific Continent.”

Professor Anne-Marie Brady, a China expert based at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, accused Beijing of “repeatedly” trying to gain access to militarily significant airfields and ports in the region—it's currently looking to rebuild an airfield in the Pacific nation of Kiribati.

“China provides weapons, military vehicles and vessels, uniforms, training, and military buildings” to the armed forces of Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Vanuatu, and now the Solomon Islands, Brady wrote on Twitter.

“China uses People’s Liberation Army (PLA)–Navy vessels to conduct regular military visits to the Pacific. PLA Yuanwang space-tracking vessels deploy to the Pacific during missile and satellite launches, using (French Polynesia’s capital) Papeete and (Fiji’s capital) Suva as their base ports,” she said.

“China is using its Pacific embassies as sites for Beidou ground stations. Like GPS, it is a military technology, crucial for missile targeting.”

The leaked documents were revealed as Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne and U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken met in Brussels, where they discussed security concerns in the Indo-Pacific.
Daniel Y. Teng is based in Brisbane, Australia. He focuses on national affairs including federal politics, COVID-19 response, and Australia-China relations. Got a tip? Contact him at