CNN announced on Friday it will stop broadcasting in Russia after Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law that will criminalize anyone sharing “deliberately false information about the actions of Russian military personnel in Ukraine.”
Putin on Friday signed into law the measure that will penalize those who spread such information with fines or prison sentences. The law would impose up to three years or fines, but the maximum punishment rises to 15 years for cases considered to have led to “severe consequences.”
Russian lawmakers also passed amendments to the criminal code that would impose fines for people calling for sanctions against Russia.
"CNN will stop broadcasting in Russia while we continue to evaluate the situation and our next steps moving forward," a spokesperson for the media said on Friday.
Other news outlets have announced they will suspend reporting from Russia. Bloomberg, the BBC, and the CBC were among the outlets that will temporarily suspend the work of their journalists there.
Bloomberg's editor-in-chief, John Micklethwait, said that the change to the criminal code "makes it impossible to continue any semblance of normal journalism inside the country."
The CBC said in a statement posted online that it is "very concerned" about the new law, which it says "appears to criminalize independent reporting on the current situation in Ukraine and Russia."
Vyacheslav Volodin, the speaker of Russia's lower house of parliament, said the new law "will force those who lied and made statements discrediting our armed forces to bear very grave punishment.”
“I want everyone to understand, and for society to understand, that we are doing this to protect our soldiers and officers, and to protect the truth,” he added.
Earlier on Friday, Russia's communications watchdog Roskomnadzor said it blocked access to Facebook and Twitter in line with a decision by the prosecutor general's office.
Twitter said in a statement Friday afternoon that while the company is “aware of reports” that its platform is now blocked in Russia, it has not been able to confirm the situation so far. Roskomnadzor has previously accused Twitter of failing to delete the content banned by Russian authorities and slowed down access to it.
The Russian government has banned or limited foreign media outlets inside the country, including Radio Free Europe, the BBC, Deutsche Welle, Meduza, Radio Liberty, and more.
On Thursday, Russia also shut down several Russian TV and radio stations, including TV Rain and Echo of Moscow, over what officials reportedly said was a violation of a law that bans describing the Ukraine crisis as a war or an invasion.
Also, app stores belonging to Apple and Google were blocked overnight in Russia March 3–4, according to monitoring group GlobalCheck.
Before the new law's passing, Volodin in a statement on Thursday accused "American social networks, controlled by Washington" of having "launched an information war against Russia.”
“They violate their own rules, norms of international law, restrict freedom of speech, [and] spread false information,” he said. “We cannot help but react to what is happening.”
The conflict between Ukraine and Russia has escalated after Putin declared a “special military operation” against Ukraine on Feb. 24. Putin said at the time Russia has no plan to occupy Ukraine and does not intend to target civilians, and that the operation is aimed at demilitarizing the country. He didn’t specify how long the operation would be expected to take.