White House Adviser: Fourth Stimulus Bill Might Not Be Necessary

May 18, 2020 Updated: May 18, 2020

White House economic adviser Kevin Hassett said a fourth stimulus package, including direct payments to Americans, might not be necessary to deal with the economic fallout caused by the pandemic.

“I think it’s possible that we will see a strong enough economy that we don’t need a phase four,” Hassett told reporters at the White House on May 18. The Trump administration and some Republicans in Congress have said they are waiting to see how far the economy can rebound before resuming talks on a fourth stimulus package.

Last week, the Democratic-controlled House passed the $3 trillion HEROES Act, which would pay individuals $1,200, provide more funds for essential workers, provide funding to state and local governments, extend unemployment benefits, and more. Top Republicans and President Donald Trump have signaled that they’re unwilling to sign the measure, saying there are too many unnecessary additions in the legislation.

Hassett, meanwhile, noted there has been encouraging data showing an increase in retail visits and business openings.

“There are a lot of indicators that appear to be really turning around quickly, like retail visits, percentages of business open,” he told reporters. “If the economy continues the momentum that we’re beginning to see over the last couple of weeks of data, then I think that one might conclude that the stimulus we’ve already passed is enough,” he said. “But if that doesn’t happen, we’re really learning every day a little bit more about how the economy responds to this.”

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Shoppers at Eastern Market in Washington on May 17, 2020. (Daniel Slim/AFP via Getty Images)

In March, Congress passed the third stimulus package, worth $2 trillion, which directly sent each American up to $1,200, established a small-business safeguard—the Paycheck Protection Program—and bolstered unemployment insurance. Congress later passed a bill that infused the Paycheck Protection Program with more cash, while also providing more funding to hospitals.

The economy is already beginning to recover, Hassett told CNBC on May 18, adding that activity “bottomed out about the 11th or 12th of April.”

“The question is not really ‘When does the recovery start,’ because absent a second wave of the disease, it’s kind of already begun.”

Hassett said the federal government might have to provide relief to some sectors, such as the travel industry and restaurants.

“We need to watch things develop, see what happens, and then have a plan for whatever happens,” he said.

Despite the current Republican opposition to the HEROES Act, Trump is open to signing another COVID-19 measure, said White House press secretary Kayleigh McEnany last week.

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People wait in line to have their hair cut in front of the shop of barber Karl Manke, who faces two misdemeanor charges for reopening his business despite state shutdown orders, in Owosso, Mich., on May 12, 2020. (Jeff Kowalsky/AFP via Getty Images)

When asked on CNBC about whether the government should send more money to state and local governments to deal with budget shortfalls, Hassett said the Trump administration is in a “wait-and-see mode.”

“We stand ready to take very strong action if we need to,” he said. “I just doubt that, in the end, the product is going to look much like Speaker [Nancy] Pelosi put out last week.”

Pelosi, a Democrat from California, urged lawmakers in the Senate to pass the HEROES Act with haste.

“Time is very important. We have lost time. But, again, setting aside how we got here, we cannot take a pause,” Pelosi said May 17 on CBS News’s “Face the Nation.”