Second AmendmentThe court agreed to take up U.S. v. Rahimi, a case that could determine whether a federal law banning people from possessing firearms while under a domestic violence-related restraining order violates the Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.
The case involves a Texas man, Zackey Rahimi, charged with illegal gun possession while subject to a domestic violence restraining order after assaulting his girlfriend. Rahimi challenged the law after being charged under it in 2021.
Social Media CasesLast week, the Supreme Court agreed to decide the legality of Republican-backed state laws in Texas and Florida that constrain the ability of social media companies to curb content on their platforms that these businesses deem objectionable.
The justices took up two cases involving challenges by technology industry groups who argued that these 2021 laws restricting the content-moderation practices of large social media platforms violate the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment protections for freedom of speech. Lower courts split on the issue, striking down key provisions of Florida's law while upholding the Texas measure.
President Joe Biden's administration had told the justices in a court filing that the cases merited review because the state laws burdened the rights of the companies.
In May of this year, a 5–4 majority of the Supreme Court blocked Texas from enforcing the law. The decision was handled via the court's emergency docket, and no opinion was issued.
Federal Regulatory AgenciesOne case challenges the funding for the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and if the top court rules against the government, some analysts have said it could limit the power of other independent federal agencies such as the Federal Service.
The case, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau v. Community Financial Services Association of America, is an appeal of the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals' holding that the agency's use of the Federal Reserve System to fund its operations violates the separation of powers clause of the U.S. Constitution.
For that case, a ruling is expected by the end of June. The court's 6–3 conservative majority has limited the regulatory power of federal agencies in a series of rulings in recent years.
Another case, meanwhile, challenges the legality of judges at the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, deciding cases that involve securities fraud. Previously, those cases were handled by the judicial—not executive—branch.
The other one that targets the U.S. administrative state was filed by four East Coast fishing companies that object to a rule that mandates them to pay for boat monitors to record their catches. They argue that it's unclear whether federal law allows the Department of Commerce to impose such a rule on fishermen.